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Hypertension

Home >> Cardiac Surgery >> Hypertension

Clinical Directorate

Overview

Hypertension refers to high blood pressure which may lead to many other symptoms. Blood pressure is the measurement of the force against the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps blood through your body. Hypertension is known to be a cause of chronic kidney disease. Normal blood pressure is when your blood pressure is lower than 120/80 mmHg most of the time High blood pressure (hypertension) is when your blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg or above most of the time If your blood pressure numbers are 120/80 or higher, but below 140/90, it is called pre-hypertension

Signs and Symptoms

In today's hectic lifestyle, a large number of people are suffering from high blood pressure. Most of the time, high blood pressure goes untreated and damages arteries and vital organs throughout the body. This is why it is called the "silent killer". Some of the most common symptoms are:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred Vision
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Chest paint and shortness of breath

Causes

In most of the cases, the cause of high blood pressure is not known and is often referred to as primary or essential hypertension. However, some major causes of high blood pressure include:

  • Age - The older a person is, the greater the possibility that he or she will develop high blood pressure. This is due to arteriosclerosis, or "hardening of the arteries."
  • Family history - The problem of high blood pressure tends to run in families.
  • Obesity - Being overweight increases the risk of high blood pressure. Health care professionals recommend that all obese people with high blood pressure lose weight until they are within 15% of their healthy body weight.
  • Alcohol consumption - Drinking more than two drinks of alcohol per day increases the chances of high blood pressure.
  • Lack of exercise.
  • Medications - Certain drugs, such as amphetamines (stimulants), diet pills, and pseudoephedrine tend to raise blood pressure.
  • Young patients can have high BP due to kidney disease.

Treatment

The best treatment for high blood pressure is to make healthy changes to your lifestyle. One needs to take a stepwise approach beginning with diet, weight loss, and lifestyle changes along with medications as required.

  • Medications – if you occasionally feel that you have elevated high blood pressure, your doctor would suggest few medicines that will bring down the blood pressure to normal.
  • Avoid tobacco smoke
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Take a healthy diet
  • Limit your salt intake
  • Do regular physical activity