Advances in treating Coronary Artery Disease | Max Healthcare
Emergency Call Button

Advances in treating Coronary Artery Disease

Home >> Events >> Advances in treating Coronary Artery Disease
Dr Virendar Sarwal, Director and Head, Department of Cardio Thoracic and Vascular Surgery and Dr Amit Gupta, Senior Consultant, Cardiology at Max Super Speciality Hospital Mohali were the keynote speakers at the event. Dr Sarwal spoke on ‘Advances in treating Coronary Artery Disease’ and Dr Gupta spoke on ‘Vulnerable plaque : The Dilemma’ Speaking about how Coronary artery disease or Heart attack is the single largest killer after road side accidents, Dr Sarwal said that now there are very significant advancements scientifically which has helped treatment of this disease in a rationalized, economical and durable manner. Bypass Surgery is now more safer, less stressful and early recovery too as most of situations are handled with Off-pump or Beating Heart Surgery where ICU stay, hospital stay, blood usage, back to work days are less as compared to conventional surgery. The outcomes are excellent even in very high risk situations, he added. Dr Amit Gupta said that Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease results in millions of sudden deaths annually, and coronary artery disease accounts for the majority of this toll. Despite major advances in the treatment of coronary artery disease, a large number of victims of the disease who are apparently healthy die suddenly without prior symptoms-that is the most worrying factor for us doctors. For many years, doctors have thought that the main cause of a heart attack or stroke was the buildup of fatty plaque within an artery leading to narrowing of the artery that would finally close off leading to a heart attack. But these types of blockages cause only about 3 out of 10 heart attacks "Many people who have heart attacks do not have arteries severely narrowed by plaque. What they found was that inflammation leads to the development of "soft" or vulnerable plaque that are not severely stenotic but prone to rupture leading to instant formation of blood clot and heart attacks .These plaques have different morphology with high lipid core and cell content that is highly inflammatory with a thin fibrous cap that ruptures easily” explained Dr Gupta. Lot of techniques including thermography ,radiofrequency IVUS, optical coherence tomography, and near-infrared spectroscopy are being used for detection of Vulnerable plaque

Clinical Directorate