A peptic ulcer, also known as PUD or peptic ulcer disease, is the most common ulcer of an area of the gastrointestinal tract that is generally acidic and extremely painful. A peptic ulcer in the stomach is called a gastric ulcer. An ulcer in the duodenum is called a duodenal ulcer.
Signs and Symptoms
Small ulcers generally do not cause any symptoms. Some ulcers can cause severe bleeding.
- Abdominal pain
- Feeling of fullness
- Mild nausea
- Pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen
- Bloody or dark tarry stools
- Chest pain
- Weight loss
Possible causes are:
- Too much consumption of alcohol
- Tobacco chewing
- Cigarette smoking
- Having radiation treatments
Treatment involves a combination of medications to kill the H. pylori bacteria (if present), and reduce acid levels in the stomach.
Patients who are taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) may also be prescribed a prostaglandin analogue (Misoprostol) in order to help prevent peptic ulcers, which are a side-effect of the NSAIDs.
Perforated peptic ulcer is a surgical emergency and requires surgical repair of the perforation. Most bleeding ulcers require endoscopy urgently to stop bleeding with cautery, injection, or clipping.