Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability in India. A stroke is the rapid loss of brain functions due to disturbance caused by blockage or hemorrhage. Within minutes the affected area of brain cannot function that might result in the inability to move one or more limbs, inability to understand or formulate speech or inability to see one side of visual field. A stroke does not discriminate amongst its victims; it affects people of any age group, social status and gender. One in every 500 Indians suffer from stroke.
There are two major types of stroke: ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. Ischemic stroke occurs when a blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain is blocked by a blood clot. A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in part of the brain becomes weak and bursts open, causing blood to leak into the brain.
Signs & Symptoms
The symptoms of stroke depend on what part of the brain is damaged. The most common symptoms include:
- Changes in hearing ability
- Confusion or loss of memory
- Difficulty swallowing
- Trouble walking
- Muscle weakness in the face, arm, or leg (generally on one side)
High BP is the most primary reason for strokes. The other risk factors include:
- Family history of stroke
- High cholesterol
- Aging, especially after age 55
- Alcohol consumption
Max Institute of Neurosciences offers Community Stroke Program with Risk assessment & Counseling
Primary Stroke Prevention
Identification of potential & reversible stroke risk factors
Emergency Management of Stroke: Pain Management
- Emergency Thrombolysis & Intervention: Thrombolytic Therapy of stroke using rt-Pa (the institute has the expertise of emergency Stroke imaging and experienced Stroke Neurologist) (Intra-arterial)
- Neurointerventional therapy of selected cases of stroke with the help of Interventional Neuroadiologist.
- Comprehensive treatment for hemorrhagic stroke available
- Micro Currents & Diadynamic Currents
- Laser Pain relief for Migraine
- Kinesio Taping and Dry needling
After Stroke Management
- This is performed in a dedicated 8-bedded sophisticated Stroke unit with the help of experienced Neurocritical care team.
- Use of Inj Botulinum toxin for post stroke spasticity
- Comprehensive neurorehabilitation and long-term, risk-factor modification programs are available through the Cerebrovascular Center in conjunction with the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Under the direction of Neurologist, patients learn to maximize their function and resume normal activities to the fullest extent possible.
- Acute stroke therapies must be initiated within 4.5 hours after the onset of symptoms in order to be effective. The sooner acute Thrombolytic therapy is initiated, the greater the probability of limiting or reversing brain damage. Rapid access to these therapies is absolutely essential.