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Gastrointestinal Cancer

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Clinical Directorate


Gastrointestinal cancer is generally a group of cancers affecting organs like stomach, esophagus, gall bladder, bowels, rectum, anus, liver, and pancreas. The cancer can form a mass or ulcer within the stomach or it can spread diffusely throughout the entire wall of the stomach. Stomach cancer is also called gastric cancer. Stomach cancer is commonly found in people aged between 50 and 70 years of age. It is more common in men. Treatment options tat are available for treating gastrointestinal cancers are Surgery, Radiotherapy, and Chemotherapy. 

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms of gastrointestinal cancer vary, depending on the type of cancer. Symptoms may include:

  • Abdominal pain and discomfort
  • Change in bowel habits
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Bloating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Unusual weight loss
  • Fatigue

Causes of GI cancer

The causes of gastrointestinal cancers include:

  • Smoking
  • Too much alcohol consumption
  • Age
  • High animal fat diet
  • High amount of salt intake
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Obesity


Treatment of this type of cancer depends on many factors such as type of cancer, stage and other general health factors. The two major treatment options for GI cancers are chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

  • Radiation Therapy – At Max cancer centre, our doctors are some of the experts in their respective fields and have access to the most advanced technologies (3DCRT, IMRT, IGRT) available to provide for your best care. To treat gastrointestinal cancers, IMRT (intensity modulated radiation therapy) is widely used which enables high accuracy while ensuring minimal damage to other organs like liver, kidneys, and spinal cord. Moreover, IMRT allows doctors to deliver radiation to hard-to-reach areas.