Hemorrhoids are typically vascular structures in the anal canal which help with stool control. They become morbid or piles, when swollen or inflamed. They swell due to increased pressure within them, usually due to straining at stools and during pregnancy because of the pressure of the enlarged uterus.
Signs and Symptoms
- Painless bleeding
- Bright red blood on the outside of the stools
- Dripping into the toilet
Hemorrhoids are associated with constipation and straining at bowel movements. The exact cause of symptomatic hemorrhoids is not known. Some common causes are:
- Lack of exercise
- Chronic cough
- Prolonged sitting
Most of the hemorrhoids can be treated at home.
- Sitting in few inches of warm water thrice a day for 15-20 minutes may help decrease the inflammation of the hemorrhoids. It is important to dry off the anal area completely after each Sitting and bath to minimize irritation of the skin surrounding the anus.
- Dietary changes – It is advised to include fibre-rich food in diet and it reduces the pressure on the rectum and anus during a bowel movement, minimize further swelling, discomfort, and bleeding.
- Many creams, ointments, and suppositories are available for symptom relief and may be used for comfort.
- A number of office based procedures may be done such as rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, etc.