Anemia mostly occurs in premature babies. It means that they don’t get enough red blood cells. Generally, the fetus stores iron during the latter months of pregnancy and uses it after birth to make red blood cells. Infants born too soon may not have had enough time to store iron.
This loss of blood from frequent blood tests also can contribute to anemia.
Signs and Symptoms
Its symptoms include:
- Pale color skin
- Feeling sleepy or tired
- Tired during feeds
- Fast heart beat
There could be many reasons of neonatal anemia including:
- Blood loss during pregnancy
- Premature birth
- Lack of red blood cell production
- Rapid breakdown of red blood cells