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Overactive Bladder

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Overactive bladder or urge incontinence refers to strong, sudden need to urinate due to bladder spasms or contractions. The frequent need to urinate may occur during the day, at night, or both. If there is loss of bladder control then it is known as urge incontinence. The cause for it is still unknown. More than 40% of people with overactive bladder have incontinence.While about 40% to 70% of urinary incontinence is due to overactive bladder. It is not life-threatening. Most people with the condition have problems for years.

Signs and Symptoms

Common signs are:

  • Urge to urinate frequently
  • Loss of urine without meaning to urinate


Overactive bladder may result from:

  • Bladder cancer
  • Bladder inflammation
  • Bladder outlet obstruction
  • Bladder stones
  • Infection
  • Nervous system diseases (such as multiple sclerosis)
  • Nervous system injuries (such as spinal cord injury or stroke)


The treatment of overactive bladder actually depends on the severity of symptoms and includes:

  • Medication
  • Diet
  • Bladder Retraining
  • Kegel Exercises
  • Biofeedback and electrical stimulation
  • Surgery