Clubfoot is a condition when the foot turns inward and downward. It is congenital condition which means it is present at birth. Clubfoot is the most common congenital disorder of the legs. It can range from mild and flexible to severe and rigid. Without treatment, people with club feet often appear to walk on their ankles or on the sides of their feet. However, with treatment, the vast majority of patients recover completely during early childhood and are able to walk and participate in athletics just as well as patients born without the disease.
Signs and Symptoms
Its symptoms are:
- Abnormal physical appearance of the foot
- Calf muscle and foot may small than normal
Although its cause is now known, it is believed that the condition may be passed down through families in some cases. Risk factors include a family history of the disorder and being male. The condition occurs in about 1 out of every 1,000 live births.
Treatment may include setting the foot into its correct position using a cast. The treatment for this condition should be done as early as possible. Gentle stretching and recasting will be done every week to improve the position of the foot. Generally, five to 10 casts are needed. The final cast will stay in place for 3 weeks. After the foot is in the correct position, the child will wear a special brace nearly full time for 3 months. Then, the child will wear the brace at night and during naps for up to 3 years.