Parkinson’s disease is a kind of disorder in which the affected person feels tremors or shaking. It is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system.
Signs and symptoms
Symptoms may affect one or both sides of the body, and can include:
- Slow blinking
- Difficulty swallowing
- Problems with balance and walking
- No expression in the face
- Muscle aches and lower back pain
- Rigid or stuff muscles
- Stooped position
- Memory loss
This disease most often develops after age 50. It is one of the most common nervous system disorders of the elderly and affects both men and women. Its major causes are:
- Family history
- Lack of dopamine
There is no known cure for Parkinson’s disease. The objective of treatment is to control symptoms.
Medications are used to control symptoms by increasing the levels of dopamine in the brain. The department of physiotherapy and rehabilitation focuses on the restoration of function in people with a wide range of disabling injuries and illnesses. The therapist deals not only with the physical aspects of injury or disease but also on the person's social, emotional and vocational well-being.