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The definition of short stay surgery is when the patient is admitted and discharged within forty eight hours of admission with surgery as the intended management. Daycare surgery is when the patient is admitted and discharged on the same day. The objective of short stay surgery is to improve the quality of patient care while reducing the length of hospital stay.
Enhanced recovery is based on established day surgery principles and is aimed at improving the quality of recovery after inpatient surgery such that the patient is well enough to go home earlier and healthier.
Short stay surgery is a continually evolving specialty, and more and more complex procedures are now carried out by different surgical specialties.
The biggest advantage of Short-stay Surgery is its convenience to the patient and his/her family. A patient suffers minimum pain, gets discharged at earliest and recovers within a day or two of the surgery. Since most short stay surgeries are minimally invasive, the damage to surrounding tissues is minimal, inflammation lesser, blood loss negligible and recovery faster.
Surgical procedures usually take just 30 minutes to two hours. High-tech surgical techniques and equipment ensure early discharge and shorter recovery time.
Less time in hospital
Less risk of hospital acquired infections
Easier to rest and sleep
Psychologically patients feel responsible for their own recovery at home.
It's essential to ensure that the surgical procedure is suitable, patients have undergone pre-anaesthetic evaluation, the risk of complications (from surgery or anaesthesia) is minimal and patients are adequately supported at home after the discharge
Common surgeries performed as short stay surgeries are: Ÿ General Surgery - laparoscopy and open hernia surgery, acute appendicitis, surgeries for fistula, fissure, accumulation of fluids breast lumps, superficial tumors, and thyroid.