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Black Eye First Aid - Kit, Home Care, What to Expect

By Max Team in Emergency & Trauma

Feb 14 , 2022 | 1 min read

A black eye is caused by bleeding beneath the skin around the eye. Extensively bruised eyes (raccoon eyes) indicate more extensive injury, even a skull fracture. While many black eye injuries aren't serious, there can be instances where there is bleeding inside the eye. Bleeding in the front part of the eye, called a Hyphema is serious and can reduce vision and damage the cornea – the clear, protective 'window' at the front of the eye. In some cases, abnormally high pressure inside the eyeball (glaucoma) can also result in blindness. For this reason, it is advisable to have an eye specialist examine your eyeball if you suffered a severe injury that caused a black eye. Eye problems should never be ignored. Medical intervention can prevent blindness.

What to Expect

  • Bluish discoloration and red eye
  • Increased local temperature and swelling
  • Inability to open eye

When to Rush to the Doctor

  • Change in vision
  • Prolonged severe pain
  • Signs of infection - warmth, redness, pus discharge
  • Behavioural changes - forgetfulness, lethargy
  • Nausea, vomiting, dizziness
  • Swelling over the eyes
  • Inability to move the eye
  • Fluid leaking from the eyeball
  • Signs of head injury
  • Temporary loss of consciousness

Home Care

  • Apply a cold pack or a cloth filled with ice as soon as possible after the injury to reduce swelling Continue using ice or cold packs for 24 to 48 hours, only while awake
  • Be sure there's no blood within the black and white parts of the eye
  • Protect from further injury by avoiding athletic activities
  • Do not apply pressure on the eye itself
  • Seek immediate medical

A First-Aid Kit for Black Eye Should Include

  • Sterile Adhesive Bandages in Assorted Sizes
  • Sterile Gauze Pads of Different Sizes
  • Adhesive Tape & Band-aid
  • Cotton Buds & Cotton Roll
  • Latex Gloves
  • Thermometer
  • Scissor
  • Safety Pins
  • Sterile Saline/Distilled Water