Symptoms and Causes of Blood Cancer! | Max Hospital
  1. https://www.maxhealthcare.in/blogs
  2. https://www.maxhealthcare.in/blogs/blogs/bone-marrow-transplant-cancer-care-oncology
  3. https://www.maxhealthcare.in/blogs/blogs/bone-marrow-transplant-cancer-care-oncology/index.php

Get Second Opinion

Please provide your phone number with country code

Doc Connect

Hospital : 
Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Description: 
  • Robotic Urological Surgery: 15 years journey 
    Dr. Rahul Yadav, Dr. Anant Kumar
  • Robotic surgery is the latest in advanced onco surgical procedures 
    Dr. Harit Chaturvedi
  • Percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty & balloon dilatation of aortic coarctation in a 10 year old child 
    Dr. Neeraj Awasthy, Dr. Sushil Shukla
  • Role of CT/MR imaging and echocardiography in evaluation of valsalva sinus aneurysm 
    Dr. Reena Anand, Dr. Raj Kumar, Dr. Divya Malhotra, Dr. Bharat Aggarwal
  • Risk factors for patients undergoing treatment for Breast Cancer
    Ms. Kanika Arora, Ms. Ritika Samaddar
  • Radiology Case of The Month 
    Dr. Nafisa Shakir Batta, Dr. Dhruv Jain
Date: 
October, 2015 :15
Emergency Call Button

DELHI / NCR : 011-4055 4055

MOHALI : 0172-665 2666

DEHRADUN : 0135-667 3666

BATHINDA : 0164-660 1666

 

Bio Medical Waste Report For Shalimar Bagh

Month Red Autoclave(Infected Plastic Waste) Yellow- Incineration(AnatomicalWaste & Soiled Waste) Blue Autoclave (Glass- Bottles) Black Cytotoxic- Incineration( Cytotoxic Contaminated Items) White- Sharp Total Bags Total Weight(In KG's)
  No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's)    
Apr-17 924 2963.50 954 2994.10 239 1017.30 103 279.20 1645 606.40 3865 7861.00
May-17 1175 4624.12 1028 3498.40 276 1524.34 87 195.01 1803 823.85 4369 10665.71
Jun-17 1060 4511.45 902 2886.66 293 1324.05 76 194.00 2057 1100.69 4388 10016.85
Jul-17                     0 0.00
Aug-17                     0 0.00
Sep-17                     0 0.00
Oct-17                     0 0.00
Nov-17                     0 0.00
Dec-17                     0 0.00
Jan-18                     0 0.00
Feb-18                     0 0.00
Mar-18                     0 0.00
YTD 3159 12099.065 2884 9379.155 808 3865.69 266 668.705 5505 2530.94 12622 28543.555

Symptoms and Causes of Blood Cancer!

Home >> Blogs >> Bone Marrow Transplant Cancer Care Oncology >> Symptoms and Causes of Blood Cancer!

Clinical Directorate

For more info please call 8744 888 888 (Delhi – NCR) & 9988 422 333 (Chandigarh Tri-city), or mail at homecare@maxhealthcare.com

June 5, 2017 0 55 3 minutes, 5 seconds read
SHARE:
Dr Gaurav Dixit - Max Hospital
Consultant - Haematology & Bone Marrow Transplant
Bone Marrow Transplant, Cancer Care / Oncology

In simple terms, Leukemia is the cancer of the blood or bone marrow. You must know that our blood is composed of 3 types of blood cells and the Red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets are formed inside the bone marrow. Due to a gene mutation, there is an alteration in the DNA of immature blood cells, which leads to the continuous growth and division of cells. Hence, the abnormal cells do not die like their healthy counterparts, thereby accumulating more space.  Ultimately, the cancer cells crowd out the healthy cells, impeding the growth and a function.

Seen both in children and adults, Leukemia, can be categorised into:

  • Acute and Chronic
  • Lymphatic or Myelogenous

Surprisingly, Delhi has the highest incidence of blood cancer, representing 4.4% of all childhood cancers.

Acute or chronic:

White cells, over their lifetime, mature through stages. In the acute type of leukaemia, the abnormal cancer cells are useless, immature cells (blasts) that leave the bone marrow too soon, crowding out the healthy cells. In chronic kind of leukaemia, it is a slower process of formation of abnormal cancer cells. It allows for the bone marrow to sometimes form useful mature cells. Acute is an aggressive form of cancer that requires timely treatment whereas chronic is slower in comparison and not as aggressive.

Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL): This is the most common cancer seen in young children. It has also been seen in adults above 65 years of age
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML): It is seen in both children and adults, more commonly in the latter and affects males more than females
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL): This is the most common cancer in adulthood. Statistically, over 60 % of cases are of males over the age of 55. It is rarely seen in children
Chronic myelogenous leukemia(CML): It is majorly seen in adults

Lymphocytic or myelogenous:

This depends on which marrow forms the abnormal blood cancer cells. If the cancer cells are formed in the marrow that develops lymphocytes, it is known as lymphocytic leukaemia. If the cancer cells are formed in the marrow that develops the red blood cells, other white blood cells & platelets, it is known as myelogenous leukaemia.

Dr. Gaurav Dixit says, you need medical intervention when you witness:

  • Fever – persistent/high in characteristics. Not always present
  • Recurrent or prolonged infections
  • Headaches followed by vomiting and/or seizures
  • Extreme fatigue, weakness and in rare cases, slurring speech
  • Presence of tiny red spots on the skin (Petechiae)
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Nosebleeds

It is extremely important to note that the symptoms of leukaemia are the same as any common infection. It is imperative to get your child checked by their paediatrician even if it looks like the common flu. Early detection is the key to treatment of cancer.

What can be the possible cause of leukaemia?

While the cause of leukaemia is still unknown, it is influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. A few risk factors for blood cancer have been identified or suspected:

  • Previous cancer treatment or exposure to radiation therapy
  • Genetic factors such as those with Down’s syndrome have a higher risk of developing leukaemia.
  • Exposure to certain chemicals like benzene and other petrochemicals
  • Viruses such as HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) & HTLV-1 (Human T-lymphotropic virus)
  • Blood disorders such as myelodysplastic syndrome
  • Smoking or tobacco use
  • Family history of leukaemia

Leukaemia, while still a life-threatening disease, is one of the most treatable cancers. The key for survival depends on staging and spread of cancer. As the symptoms of this type of cancer can be shelved under other infections, it is better to err on the side of caution, especially in the case of children and get yourself checked out by your physician. 

Related Articles

Featured Doctors