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Choking First Aid- Kit, Home Care, What to Expect

By Max Team in Emergency & Trauma

Feb 14 , 2022 | 1 min read

Choking occurs when a foreign object becomes lodged in the throat or windpipe, blocking the flow of air. In adults, a piece of food is often the culprit. Young children often swallow small objects. Because choking cuts o oxygen to the brain, administer first-aid as quickly as possible.

What to Expect

  • The universal sign for choking is hands clutched to the throat. If the person doesn't give the signal, look for these indications:
  • Coughing/gagging
  • Inability to talk
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Inability to cough forcefully
  • Skin, lips, and nails turning blue or dusky (Cyanosis)
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Noisy respiration

When to Rush to the Doctor

  • Inability to restore normal breathing quickly
  • Inability to remove the object from the windpipe
  • Cyanosis continues

Home Care

If someone is choking, the Red Cross recommends a ‘five and five’ approach to delivering first aid:

  • Five Back Blows: First, deliver five back blows between the person's shoulder blades with the heel of your hand
  • Five Abdominal Thrusts: Perform five abdominal thrusts (also known as the Heimlich Maneuver)
  • Alternate between five blows and five thrusts until the blockage is dislodged

A First-Aid Kit for Choking Should Include

  • Sterile Adhesive Bandages in Assorted Sizes
  • Sterile Gauze Pads of Different Sizes
  • Adhesive Tape & Band-aid
  • Cotton Buds & Cotton Roll
  • Latex Gloves
  • Thermometer
  • Scissor
  • Safety Pins
  • Sterile Saline/Distilled Water