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Gastric Problem: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

By Dr. (Col.) Manjit Singh Paul in Medical & Surgical Gastroenterology

Jan 24 , 2022 | 1 min read

Gas is a part of your normal digestion, and getting rid of excess gas by burping or flatus is also normal. But you may feel pain when gas gets trapped or does not move well in your digestive system and causes distension of bowel which is poorly tolerated in some individuals.


Gastric problem: Causes


There are several causes of gas problems. 


Upper intestinal gas


Swallowed gas is one of the common causes of intestinal gas. Aerophagia is a term that is used for swallowing air. Following are some of the ways by which air gets in-


  • Chewing gums
  • Smoking
  • Loose dentures
  • Drinking through straw
  • Eating too fast.

Lower intestinal gas


Lower intestinal gas is produced when intestinal bacterias act on the undigested food present in the large intestine. The gas is excreted out of your body in the form of flatus. Some of the flatus producing food are-


  • Starches- Potatoes, Pasta, Corn
  • Fatty and spicy foods
  • Vegetables- Cabbage, Beans, Onion, Asparagus
  • Fruit- Apple, pear, peaches

Digestive system problems


  • Gastritis- It is the condition in which your stomach lining gets irritated due to the acids produced. It causes symptoms such as bloating, belching, vomiting.
  • Lactose intolerance- If your body lacks the enzyme lactase, that can cause excessive bloating.
  • Celiac disease is a disorder in which you can’t tolerate gluten, a protein present in wheat. It also causes bloating, gas and pain.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome- It occurs due to abnormal motion of digestive muscles and causes gastric problems.
  • Diabetes in which there is bowel motility problems & infection.

Gastric Problem: Symptoms


  • Passing gas
  • Burping
  • Pain
  • Distension (increased size of abdomen)
  • Bloating

Gastric Problem: Treatment


If your pain is due to an underlying condition, seek the treatment of the disease first. Else you can try the following measures.


Diet modification


Reduce the intake of the following food items-

  • High fibre foods
  • Beans
  • Cauliflower
  • Onions
  • Cabbage
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels
  • Pears
  • Sprouts
  • Aerated drinks
  • Dairy products
  • Sugar substitute/artificial sweeteners such as Aspartame, Saccharin
  • Fried and fatty foods

Other home remedies


  • Take smaller portions of meals
  • Chew food well
  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid chewing gums
  • Avoid drinking through a straw
  • Check your dentures
  • Increase intake of water