Gastric Problem: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

By Dr. (Col.) Manjit Singh Paul in Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Endoscopy

Jan 24 , 2022 | 2 min read


Gastric/Gas is a part of your normal digestion, and getting rid of excess gas by burping or flatus is also normal. But you may feel pain when gas gets trapped or does not move well in your digestive system and causes distension of bowel which is poorly tolerated in some individuals.

Gastric problem: Causes

There are several causes of gas problems.

  1. Upper intestinal gas

Swallowed gas is one of the common causes of intestinal gas. Aerophagia is a term that is used for swallowing air. Following are some of the ways by which air gets in-

  1. Chewing gums
  2. Smoking
  3. Loose dentures
  4. Drinking through straw
  5. Eating too fast.

  1. Lower intestinal gas

Lower intestinal gas is produced when intestinal bacterias act on the undigested food present in the large intestine. The gas is excreted out of your body in the form of flatus. Some of the flatus producing food are-

  1. Starches- Potatoes, Pasta, Corn
  2. Fatty and spicy foods
  3. Vegetables- Cabbage, Beans, Onion, Asparagus
  4. Fruit- Apple, pear, peaches

Some of the Causes of Gastric Problems

  1. Acidity - a large amount of HCl released than required
  2. Ulcers - damage to stomach walls
  3. Gastroenteritis-inflammation of the stomach and intestines
  4. Lactose intolerance
  5. Celiac disease
  6. Crohn's disease

Digestive System Problems

  1. Gastritis- It is the condition in which your stomach lining gets irritated due to the acids produced. It causes symptoms such as bloating, belching, vomiting.
  2. Lactose intolerance- If your body lacks the enzyme lactase, that can cause excessive bloating.
  3. Celiac disease is a disorder in which you can’t tolerate gluten, a protein present in wheat. It also causes bloating, gas and pain.
  4. Irritable bowel syndrome- It occurs due to abnormal motion of digestive muscles and causes gastric problems.
  5. Diabetes in which there is bowel motility problems & infection.

Gastric Problem: Symptoms

  1. Passing gas
  2. Burping
  3. Pain/Cramps
  4. Distension (increased size of abdomen)
  5. Bloating
  6. A knotted feeling in your abdomen
  7. Nausea
  8. Hiccups
  9. Stomach ache
  10. Vomiting
  11. Abdominal Pain
  12. Indigestion
  13. Ulcers
  14. Loss of appetite
  15. Burning sensation in the stomach
  16. heartburn

Gastric Problem: Treatment

If your pain is due to an underlying condition, seek the treatment of the disease first. Else you can try the following measures.

Diet Modification to Reduce Gastric Problem

Reduce the intake of the following food items-

  1. High fibre foods
  2. Beans
  3. Cauliflower
  4. Onions
  5. Cabbage
  6. Broccoli
  7. Brussels
  8. Pears
  9. Sprouts
  10. Aerated drinks
  11. Dairy products
  12. Sugar substitute/artificial sweeteners such as Aspartame, Saccharin
  13. Fried and fatty foods

Other Home Remedies for Gas Problem

  1. Take smaller portions of meals
  2. Chew food well
  3. Avoid smoking
  4. Avoid chewing gums
  5. Avoid drinking through a straw
  6. Check your dentures
  7. Increase intake of water


A gastric issue is an abdominal health aberration that often affects many people. To rule out the potential of any severe underlying conditions like diabetes or heart disease, consulting a doctor to assess the symptoms and offer a proper diagnosis is always advised.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Is the gastric problem serious?

    It does not pose a severe health risk.

  2. Is lemon good for gastric?

    Lemon juice helps digestion, lowering the risk of burping and bloating.

  3. Is hot water good for gastric?

    Yes, ho water increases the body's ability to get rid of toxins accumulated in the body.

  4. What should I drink to reduce acid in the morning?

    Intake of Curds and Ginger tea helps to reduce acid in the morning.

  5. Is rice good for acid reflux?

    People with acid reflux are typically thought to be safe to eat white rice.

  6. Is turmeric good for acid reflux?

    Turmeric has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, which are beneficial for acid reflux.

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