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Head Injury First Aid - Kit, Home Care, What to Expect

By Max Team in Emergency & Trauma

Feb 14 , 2022 | 1 min read

A head injury refers to the trauma of the head. This may or may not include injury to the brain. Since the brain is located in an enclosed cavity, any swelling results in high pressure on the brain, which leads to severe damage (secondary head injury). The most common head injury is a concussion. It may or may not result in loss of consciousness (blackout), which is normally followed by rapid and complete recovery. Always seek medical attention for a head injury.

When to Expect

  • Memory loss related to events during the head injury
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches, dizziness, and mild cognitive (thought) problems, including mood changes, difficulties with concentration, remembering things and performing complex tasks

When to Rush to the Doctor

  • Severe headaches
  • Vomiting
  • Blackouts
  • A seizure/fit, loss of consciousness, or twitching of any body part
  • Blood or clear fluid coming from the ears or nose
  • Neck stiffness
  • Numbness, tingling, pins and needles sensation or weakness in the arms or legs
  • Confusion, slurred speech, or unusual behaviour
  • Blurred or double vision, dizziness

Home Care

  • Don't drive. Ask someone to drive you or get a taxi
  • Use ice-packs over any swollen or painful area
  • Don't take sedatives or other drugs unless instructed by your doctor
  • Let children sleep, but wake them every four hours to gauge their reaction to familiar things
  • Don't go to work or school, or resume sporting activity until a full recovery
  • If there is a cut or wound, follow home care tips same as cuts and wounds

A First-Aid Kit for Head Injury Should Include

  • Sterile Adhesive Bandages in Assorted Sizes
  • Sterile Gauze Pads of Different Sizes
  • Adhesive Tape & Band-aid
  • Cotton Buds & Cotton Roll
  • Latex Gloves
  • Thermometer
  • Scissor
  • Safety Pins
  • Sterile Saline/Distilled Water