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HERNIA: Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

By Dr. K K Trehan in Laparoscopic / Minimal Access Surgery , Metabolic And Bariatric Surgery

Nov 16 , 2020 | 2 min read

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A Hernia generally occurs when a specific organ gets squeezed via a vulnerable area in the muscle surrounding it. Many forms of Hernia may have impacts as per their severity. However, all of them are the product of constant pressure and vulnerability in the fascia. When the pressure gushes through the organ, it may lead to the birth of a Hernia in the body. Anyone who can see symptoms like sneezing, diarrhoea and constipation must thoroughly understand Hernia's meaning. 


What Are The Types Of Hernia?


  1. Inguinal Hernia


When the intestine protrudes via the abdominal wall, Inguinal Hernia may occur. Sources suggest that nearly 96% of most groin Hernia are Inguinal. These generally take place among men more commonly than in women. 


  1. Femoral Hernia


When the intestine penetrates the canal that consists of the femoral artery into the upper thigh, you might start to spot a Femoral Hernia. Generally, this problem occurs in women. For women suffering from Obesity and pregnancy, the risk of this Hernia is more common. 


  1. Incisional Hernia


The intestine paves its way via the abdominal wall in the area of the abdominal surgery that occurred earlier. This is known as Incisional Hernia. People who are overweight and inactive can suffer from this problem more often. As such, their stomach also aches badly.


  1. Umbilical Hernia


The passageway from where the small intestine crosses and penetrates through the abdominal wall is when Umbilical Hernia occurs. This problem is mainly related to Obese women and newborns. That is why proper caution is necessary to understand Hernia definition and eradicate the risks. 


What Are The Causes Of Hernia?

A combination of pressure and the vulnerability of muscle may result in Hernia.

  1. Long-term constipation

  2. Long-term cough

  3. Enlarged prostate 

  4. Straining to urinate

  5. Being overweight or obese 

  6. Lifting heavy items

  7. Poor nutrition 

  8. Physical exertion 

  9. Previous surgery


What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Hernia?

A hernia may bring discomfort, painless/sometimes painful bulge/swelling which becomes prominent in standing position & disappear in lying down position. A hernia can become an emergency situation when part of the gut becomes obstructed or strangulated in the sac because of its narrow neck. Immediate medical attention should be sought for a hernia that produces acute abdominal complaints such as

  1. Pain

  2. Nausea and Vomiting

  3. Long-term constipation

  4. Overweight or Obesity

  5. Long-term cough

  6. Previous surgery

  7. Lifting heavy items

Test And Diagnosis For Hernia

The doctor diagnoses the problem, finds out the form of Hernia there might be and provides necessary treatment accordingly. Laparoscopic surgery and Open surgery are the two main treatments provided for this problem. Speak to the doctor to help you know more about Hernia definition


What Are Treatment Options Available For Hernia?

A Conventional Hernia Surgery is maybe necessary in most cases. However, Umbilical Hernias may be able to cure themselves within four years. 


  1. Laparoscopic Surgery - Surgery is done through smaller incisions ensures a faster recovery with less pain and minimal blood loss & less likely to cause complications

  2. Open Surgery - Open surgical repair closes a hernia using sutures, mesh or both

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