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Anxiety is described as an unpleasant emotional state. Hospitalization and surgery evoke anxiety in most of the patients. It primarily has two main symptoms: physical and psychological.
Physical symptoms are heart palpitations, tremors, dizziness, nausea, fatigue and insomnia.
Psychological symptoms are tension, nervousness, fear, irritability, agitation, restlessness and concentration difficulties.
Preoperative anxiety has been known to prolong recovery process, increase susceptibility to infections, cause pains post surgery. While some amount of anxiety is palpable, high anxiety levels need to be addressed.
Factors associated with preoperative anxiety include:
Fear of unknown
Fear of pain
Fear of death
Coping processes with anxiety include:
Acquiring information about the operative procedure-