With 50.8 million suffering from diabetes, India continues to be the diabetic capital of the world and by 2030 nearly 9% of the Indian population is likely to be affected from diabetes. As per the International Diabetes federation 50% of all people with diabetes live in China, India and the US. Unlike other countries, where a majority of people with diabetes are over 60 years old, the prevalence in India is among the 40-59 years age group, which tremendously affects the productivity of the population. Genetic predisposition combined with lifestyle changes (unhealthy eating habits and physical inactivity) is associated with urbanization and globalization, and all of them together contribute to the rapid rise of diabetes in India.
Dr. Vandana Boobna, Consultant, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Shalimar Bagh, says there has been a rise in morbidity and mortality due to diabetes complications as well. These include heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, leg amputation, vision loss and nerve damage, which affects the quality of life, thereby contributing to the financial and social burden. In pregnancy, poorly controlled diabetes increases the risk of foetal death and other complications.
Patient education, awareness and adherence to medication and lifestyle play an important role in diabetes management and this can help them lead a normal life. Regular check-ups and timely detection plays a vital role in controlling and managing the problem.
Look for the warning signs and get your sugar checked up today if:
- Strong family history of diabetes
- Obese or overweight
- Age more than 30 years
- Poor life style in terms of diet and exercise
- Weight loss and fatigue
- Darkening of skin around neck
Diabetes is a slow killer and affects most of our body organs by the time it is detected but it can be prevented by:
- Maintaining ideal body weight / BMI
- Healthy eating
- Physical activity
- Regular check up