What is it?
This is a type of stroke where a damaged blood vessel leaks blood into the brain.There are two kinds of hemorrhagic strokes: Intracerebral haemorrhage and Subarachnoid haemorrhage
- Intracerebral haemorrhage happens when blood leaks into the brain tissue.
- Subarachnoid haemorrhage happens when blood leaks around the brain tissue eg: aneurysm rupture.
Is hemorrhagic stroke an emergency?
Yes, it carries a high risk of death.
How do you recognize a hemorrhagic stroke?
Dr. Chandril Chugh, Senior Consultant & Head – Interventional Neurology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket says you need to REMEMBER THE 7 S METHOD TO DIAGNOSE STROKE
- SUDDEN (symptoms usually start suddenly)
- SLURRED SPEECH ( speech is not clear as if drunk)
- SIDE WEAK ( face, arm or leg or all three can get weak)
- SPINNING ( VERTIGO, accompanied by vomiting and imbalance)
- A SEVERE HEADACHE
- Sight ( loss of vision)
- SECONDS ( note the time when the symptoms start and rush to the hospital)
What is the treatment?
Treatment depends upon the kind cause of haemorrhage and the clinical condition of the patient. However, the first step in the treatment of hemorrhagic stroke is stabilising the patient, controlling the blood pressure and brain swelling. Time is of the essence in the management of hemorrhagic stroke. Delaying treatment for a few hours may result in the death of the patient.
What are the risk factors for hemorrhagic stroke?
Hypertension is the most common risk factor for hemorrhagic stroke.
IS recovery possible?
Yes, recovery is possible but, it depends upon the haemorrhage and the quality of care the patient has received.
Can we give aspirin to the patient, like in heart attack?
No, aspirin is a blood thinner and can cause complications in a patient with hemorrhagic stroke.