The traditional picture of family would not be complete without children. For many females, inability to procreate has lead to marital disharmony, bigamous marriages, spousal abandonment and domestic violence. Also, concerns over genetic progeny for property rights and continuation of blood line has led couples sought various ART options. Surrogacy is a boon for infertile couples where wife is not able to carry child in her womb due to medical reasons. It is a golden opportunity for such couple to have their own genetic child; otherwise they would have been forced to go for adoption.
What is surrogacy?
As per ART Bill 2010, Surrogacy is an arrangement in which a woman agrees to a pregnancy, achieved through ART, in which neither of the gametes belong to her or her husband, with the intention to carry it and hand over the child to person/persons for whom she is acting as surrogates. Gestational surrogacy can be commercial or altruistic (where no money is charged by surrogate).
Who can opt for surrogacy and who cannot?
- Women who have absence of uterus by birth but functioning ovaries
- Women with medical disorders e.g uncontrolled diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, auto-immune disorders, renal disorder, psychiatric illness or any other illness which can worsen during pregnancy
- Recurrent pregnancy loss
- Recurrent implantation failure
- ART bill 2010 suggests that no ART clinic shall consider conception by surrogacy for patients for whom it would be normally possible to carry baby till term.
Who can be a surrogate?
Any healthy married woman aged between 21-35 years, who has delivered at least one healthy child, can offer to be a surrogate. Known surrogates are also allowed.
How does it work?
Once a couple is advised and decides to go for surrogacy, Govt recognized ART bank is contacted for a healthy & reliable surrogate. Surrogate is screened for all possible medical disorders & infections. Her uterine lining is prepared by giving hormones and embryo’s are transferred once uterus is prepared, most often by 15-20 day of cycle. She is given medicines for 16 days to support pregnancy and then pregnancy test is done.
What is the chance of having a baby with surrogacy?
Chances of conception are as high as 50% with surrogacy, provided the gametes are healthy. We have been successfully able to achieve this target year after year.