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Lung Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Tests, Treatment

By Dr. Surender Kumar Dabas in Cancer Care / Oncology

Mar 07 , 2022 | 1 min read

Lung Cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the lungs. It can spread throughout the body. There are two main types of lung cancer—small cell and non-small cell. Learn the key differences between these types of lung cancer, including symptoms and treatment options for each.


What is Lung Cancer?

It is a disease in which malignant cells form in the tissues of the Lung. Different factors increase or decrease the risk of Lung Cancer. There are two types of Lung Cancer: Small Cell Lung Cancer and Non-small Cell Lung Cancer. Tobacco smoking causes about 9 out of 10 cases* of lung cancer in men and about 8 out of 10 cases* of lung cancer in women.


Symptoms of Lung Cancer

  1. Hoarseness in voice
  2. Coughing up blood
  3. Chest pain
  4. Shortness of breath
  5. Bone pain & Bone fractures
  6. Blood clots
  7. Appetite & weight loss
  8. Fatigue
  9. Persistent chest infections such as Bronchitis / Pneumonia
  10. Swelling in lymph nodes in the middle of the chest


Causes of Lung Cancer

  1. Smoking/Second hand smoking
  2. Radon gas
  3. Asbestos
  4. Air pollution
  5. Genetics


Lung Cancer Screening

  1. Chest X-ray
  2. Low-dose Computed Tomography (LDCT)
  3. Sputum Cytology
  4. Biopsy


Treatment for Lung Cancer

Your treatment is based on a number of factors like your overall health, the type, and stage of Cancer.

The treatment options include:

  1. Surgery
  2. Radiation Therapy
  3. Chemotherapy
  4. Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy
  5. Targeted Drug Therapy
  6. Immunotherapy
  7. Palliative Care