A pregnancy is considered high-risk when there are potential complications that could affect the health and well being of the mother, the baby, or both.At Max Pitampura, we have a dedicated team of gynaecologists who work closely with clinicians of other specialties’ to help ensure the best outcome for the mother and baby.
Risk Factors for High-Risk Pregnancy
Maternal Age. Women who will be under age 17 or over age 35 when their baby is due are at greater risk of complications such as miscarriage and genetic defects.
Medical conditions that exist before pregnancy. Conditions such as high blood pressure; breathing, kidney, or heart problems; diabetes; Hypothyroidism, autoimmune disease ; epilepsy or chronic infections such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) , Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C
Medical conditions that occur during pregnancy such as Pregnancy Induced Hypertension and Diabetes
- Premature/preterm labor is labor that begins before 37 weeks of pregnancy.
- Multiple births (twins, triplets, quadruplets, etc.).
- Placenta previa is a condition in which the placenta covers the cervix. The condition can cause life threatening bleeding, especially if a woman has contractions.
- Fetal problems, which can sometimes be seen on ultrasound. Approximately 2% to 3% of all babies have a minor or major structural problem in development.
- h/o Previous surgery such as previous caesarean or myomectomy( fibroid removal)
- Uterine anomalies such as bicornuate uterus, double uterus which place the mother at risk for preterm birth
Preventing and Treating Pregnancy Complications
Even if you don't have an existing health problem, we recommend a preconception appointment to ensure you are as healthy as you can be before you become pregnant. At this appointment your gynaecologist may recommend steps you can take to reduce the risk of developing complications during pregnancy. These include:
- Folic acid supplementation, beginning before and continuing through pregnancy
- If you have a medical condition, your treatment might need to be adjusted to prepare for pregnancy. Your health care provider might also discuss your risk of having a baby with a genetic condition.
- Getting proper immunizations
- Eating a healthy diet and maintaining proper weight
- Getting regular physical activity, unless advised otherwise by your gynaecologist
- Avoiding cigarettes, alcohol, and drugs (except for medications approved by your gynaecologist)
- See your gynaecologist regularly