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Poisoning First Aid - Kit, Home Care, What to Expect

By Max Team in Emergency & Trauma , Emergency Medicine

Feb 14 , 2022 | 1 min read

Poisoning occurs when you come into contact with a substance that is toxic. In some cases, the substances must be ingested to be poisonous, but in other cases, it is enough to inhale it or have it touch your skin.

What to Expect

  • Burns or redness around the mouth and lips from drinking certain poisons
  • Breath that smells like chemicals, such as kerosene or paint thinner
  • Burns, stains, and odours on the person, his/her clothing, on the furniture, floor, rugs, or other objects in the surrounding area
  • Empty medication bottles or scattered pills
  • Vomiting, difficulty in breathing, sleepiness, confusion, or other unexpected signs

When to Rush to the Doctor

  • Call for emergency medical assistance if the person is:
  • Drowsy or unconscious
  • Having difficulty in breathing or has stopped breathing
  • Uncontrollably restless or agitated 
Having seizures/fits
  • If the person seems stable and has no symptoms, but you suspect poisoning, seek medical attention

Home Care

  • Take the person into the fresh air in case of poisonous inhalation
  • Remove anything remaining in the mouth in case of oral poisoning
  • On ingesting a household cleaner, follow instructions on the label for accidental poisoning
  • Remove clothes if the poison has spilled on the person's clothing
  • Flush skin or eyes with cool or lukewarm water, if in contact with poison
  • Make sure the person is breathing. If not, start rescue breathing and CPR
  • Take the poison container (or any pill bottles) with you to the hospital

A First-Aid Kit for Poisoning Should Include

  • Sterile Adhesive Bandages in Assorted Sizes
  • Sterile Gauze Pads of Different Sizes
  • Adhesive Tape & Band-aid
  • Cotton Buds & Cotton Roll
  • Latex Gloves
  • Thermometer
  • Scissor
  • Safety Pins
  • Sterile Saline/Distilled Water