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Spotting Signs of Cancer

By Dr. Sajal Kakkar in Cancer Care / Oncology

Jan 31 , 2022 | 1 min read

Spotting signs of Cancer – It is important to be aware of unexplained changes to your body. The typical sign and symptoms are:

  1. Changes in bowel/bladder habits – Diarrhoea/constipation for no obvious reasons; urinary frequency/urgency/nocturia.
  2. A Sore that doesn’t heal.
  3. Unusual Bleeding or Discharge – Unexplained blood in urine, stool, between periods, in vomit, cough.
  4. Thickening or Lump – Consult a doctor if you notice a lump anywhere in your body.
  5. Indigestion or Difficulty in Swallowing
  6. Obvious change in warts or mole.
  7. Nagging Cough/Breathlessness/Hoarseness - If you have had a cough, breathlessness for more than two weeks, or if you had blood in your phlegm.

What to do if you have worrying symptoms:

  1. Consult your doctor – He/She will ask simple questions, examine you and may ask for some tests.
  2. If he/she suspects cancer, then you would be referred to an Oncologist.

How to reduce your risk of developing cancer:

  1. STOP smoking or tobacco use in any form.
  2. Be physically active.
  3. Eat a healthy, less calorie, low-fat diet.
  4. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
  5. Protect your skin from sun, avoid over exposure.

Symptoms of Throat Cancer:

  • A sore throat that doesn’t go away, 
  • Pain or difficulty in swallowing, 
  • Hoarseness or change in voice quality,
  • Ear pain,
  • A lump in the neck 

Symptoms of cervical cancer:

  • Post-menopausal Bleeding
  • Inter-menstrual Bleeding
  • Excessive heavy bleeding during periods
  • Bleeding during intercourse

Symptoms of Breast Cancer:

  • Painless lumpy feeling in breast
  • Swelling/Nodules in the armpit
  • Any change in size/shape of breast or overlying skin
  • Nipple Discharge/Bleeding/Retraction

Symptoms of Lung Cancer:

  • Persistent/Unexplained breathlessness (especially if exposure to tobacco in any form)
  • Persistent/Unexplained change in voice quality
  • Unexplained chest pain
  • Persistent/unexplained cough with or without blood in phlegm