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Treating Cough in Children with Common Cold-Guidance to Caregivers

By Dr. Arvind Bountra in Paediatrics (Ped)

Apr 26 , 2016 | 1 min read

Cough ICD 10

International classification of disease (ICD) classifies illnesses, injuries, and causes of death. According to ICD 10, coughing is a protective reflex mechanism that helps clear the upper respiratory tract. 

Types of Cough 

  • Acute cough begins suddenly but lasts no longer than 2 - 3 weeks. Generally, it is the result of the flu or cold. 

  • Chronic cough lasts longer than 2-3 weeks. Common causes of chronic cough are-

    1. Allergies
    2. COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
    3. GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease)
    4. Throat disorders (e.g. croup)
    5. Asthma

Keep reading to find out the remedies for treating cough in children.

Cough Remedies for Cough in Children

Relieve Runny or Stuffy Nose With-

  • Saline nasal drops

  • Suction bulb

  • Humidifier or steamy shower

Relieve Coughing With-

  • Honey ( for children >1 year)
  • Mentholated rub on the chest ( for children > 2 years)

Get Rid of Sticky Mucus With a Wet Cotton Swab

Keep Hydrated

  • For infants, breast milk can keep the child hydrated

  • For older kids, give water or juice


Please Note That -

  • Despite the widespread use of over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold medications (CCMs), the effectiveness of most OTC CCMs has not been proven in children. 

  • Cough syrup should not be given to children under four years.

  • Do not give aspirin to children under 18 years old as it can lead to Reye’s syndrome, a brain disease.

  • Giving honey to a child of less than one year causes infant botulism.