Understanding Role of Emergency Department

By Dr. Sandeep Jain in Emergency Medicine

Jan 10 , 2022 | 1 min read

Emergency Department is the first point of contact for any critically ill patient, needing immediate medical attention. Modern Emergency Departments are managed by qualified Emergency Physicians and nurses, trained specifically for providing emergent care to save a life or limb. In order to prioritize treatment to most sick patients, ED’s use a tool called Triage which means sorting out. Those patients needing immediate life threatening measures are treated first. Those with minor ailments may have to wait. After resuscitation and initial stabilization patients are either admitted to indoor area or discharged to home with a prescription.

A good ED is equipped with monitors, point of care diagnostics, essential drugs and other equipment needed for high quality medical care to the patient. ED works in close association with other departments like radiology, laboratory, blood bank etc. Emergency Physicians are well supported by other clinical specialists for optimum care of the patient. EDs also provide initial critical care for patients waiting for ICU transfer. Accreditation with International and national bodies such as JCI and NABH, ensures that quality of care is maintained by the ED.

Many of the illnesses like stroke and heart attack needs time critical interventions. EDs ensure that an early diagnosis and interventions are performed in this critical time. EDs cater to medical emergencies like poisonings, complications of diabetes, respiratory failure, kidney failure, foreign body obstructions, abnormalities of cardiac rhythm etc. Surgical emergencies such as road traffic accidents, assaults, burns, acute pain in abdomen, blockage of blood supply to limbs, bleeding or perforation of intestines etc. A well designed and staffed Emergency Department is capable of providing good quality emergency care to not only adults but special population groups such as children, pregnant females or old age patients

Another important role of Emergency Services is Pre- hospital care which is provided through Advanced Life Support Ambulances by Emergency Medical Technicians under the guidance of Emergency Physicians. Another important role of the department is to provide urgent care in times of disasters like fire, earthquake, floods or terrorist attacks.

It is advised to keep the numbers of Emergency Service Provider ready in your fast dialing or favorite list to reach out to them in case of any medical emergency. (Max Healthcare – 011-40554055)