Spine surgery is a medical procedure aimed at treating various spinal conditions and relieving associated symptoms. It involves surgical intervention on the spine to correct structural abnormalities, alleviate pain, restore mobility, and improve overall spinal health.
Types of Spine Surgery:
Discectomy: This procedure involves the removal of all or a portion of a herniated or damaged spinal disc to relieve pressure on spinal nerves.
Spinal Fusion: Fusion surgery involves joining two or more vertebrae to create a single, solid bone. It is performed to stabilise the spine, alleviate pain, and correct deformities.
Decompression Surgery: Decompression surgery aims to relieve pressure on the spinal cord and nerves by removing the source of compression, such as bone spurs or tumours.
Artificial Disc Replacement: In this procedure, a damaged spinal disc is replaced with an artificial disc to maintain spinal mobility while reducing pain and preserving spine function.
Spinal Deformity Correction: Surgery for spinal deformities like scoliosis or kyphosis aims to correct abnormal curvature and restore spinal alignment.
Indications for Spine Surgery:
Spine surgery may be recommended for individuals experiencing the following conditions:
Herniated or Bulging Discs: When non-surgical treatments fail to alleviate severe pain caused by disc compression, surgical intervention may be considered.
Spinal Stenosis: Surgery may be required when spinal stenosis, a narrowing of the spinal canal, leads to significant pain, weakness, or difficulty walking.
Spinal Fractures: Surgical stabilisation is often necessary for fractures that compromise spinal stability and pose a risk to the spinal cord.
Degenerative Disc Disease: If degenerated discs cause persistent pain, limited mobility, or neurological deficits, surgery may be an option.
Spinal Tumors: Surgical removal of tumours in or around the spine may be necessary to relieve pressure on the spinal cord and nerves.
Candidates for Spine Surgery:
The decision to undergo spine surgery is typically made on an individual basis. Candidates may include individuals who:
Experience severe and debilitating back or neck pain that does not respond to conservative treatments.
Exhibit signs of spinal instability or neurological deficits.
Have exhausted non-surgical treatment options without significant improvement.
Are otherwise healthy and able to undergo anaesthesia and postoperative rehabilitation.
Preparation for Spine Surgery:
Pre-operative Evaluation: This includes a thorough physical examination, medical history review, and diagnostic tests (X-rays, MRI, CT scan) to assess the spine's condition.
Medication and Lifestyle Adjustments: Your surgeon may recommend adjusting certain medications and advise lifestyle modifications to ensure a successful surgery and recovery.
Prehabilitation: Engaging in pre-surgical exercises or physical therapy can help strengthen muscles, improve flexibility, and optimise overall physical health before surgery.
Anaesthesia: Spine surgery is typically performed under general anaesthesia to ensure the patient's comfort and safety.
Incision: The surgeon makes an incision over the affected area of the spine, providing access to the underlying structures.
Surgical Intervention: Depending on the type of surgery, the surgeon may remove damaged tissues, realign the spine, insert implants or prosthetics, or fuse vertebrae together.
Closure: After completing the necessary procedures, the surgeon closes the incision with sutures or staples.
Postoperative Monitoring: Patients are closely monitored in the recovery room to ensure stability and manage pain and potential complications.
Hospital Stay: The length of hospitalisation depends on the type and complexity of the surgery, typically ranging from a few days to a week.
Pain Management: Medications and non-pharmacological interventions are used to manage postoperative pain.
Rehabilitation: Physical therapy and exercises are gradually introduced to help regain strength, flexibility, and mobility.
Follow-up Care: Regular follow-up visits are essential to monitor progress, assess healing, and address any concerns.
Risks of Spine Surgery:
Although spine surgery has become safer with advancements in technology and techniques, there are potential risks, including:
Failure to alleviate symptoms
It is important to discuss these risks with your surgeon and make an informed decision.
Cost of Spine Surgery:
The cost of spine surgery can vary depending on several factors, including the type and complexity of the procedure, hospital fees, surgeon's fees, anaesthesia costs, and postoperative care. It is advisable to consult with the hospital and insurance providers to obtain a detailed estimate of the expenses involved. The cost of spine surgery in India begins at USD 7385. The average expense involved in this procedure is USD 7385, and the prices can go up to USD 8552.
Why Choose Max Hospitals for Spine Surgery:
Max Hospitals is a renowned healthcare institution known for its expertise in spine surgery. The hospital offers several advantages, including:
Experienced Surgeons: Max Hospitals has a team of highly skilled and experienced spine surgeons who specialise in various types of spine surgery.
Advanced Technology: The hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology and advanced surgical techniques, ensuring optimal surgical outcomes.
Comprehensive Care: Max Hospitals provides comprehensive pre-operative, operative, and postoperative care, including rehabilitation services, to support the patient's recovery process.
Multidisciplinary Approach: The hospital follows a collaborative approach involving spine surgeons, neurologists, anesthesiologists, and rehabilitation specialists to provide personalised and holistic care.
Track Record: Max Hospitals has a proven track record of successful spine surgeries and positive patient outcomes.
Patient-Centric Approach: The hospital focuses on patient satisfaction, providing compassionate care, and ensuring the highest level of safety and comfort.
If you or a loved one is considering spine surgery, it is crucial to consult with a qualified spine surgeon to assess your specific condition and treatment options. Consult now.