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Home >> Orthopaedics >> Osteoporosis

Clinical Directorate


Osteoporosis is a disease that weakens bones, causing loss of bone mass and strength, which further makes bones susceptible to sudden and unexpected fractures. The disease often progresses without any symptoms or pain. Generally, it is not discovered until weakened bones cause painful fractures. Most of these are fractures of the spine hip and wrist. Osteoporosis is a condition most commonly found in women and that too women in their post-menopausal stage.

Signs & Symptoms

Osteoporosis itself has no symptoms; its main consequence is the increased risk of bone fractures. Its possible signs may include:

  • Back pain
  • Stooped posture
  • Loss of height
  • Reduction in mobility
  • Increased risk of falling
  • Abnormal drop in BP on standing up


The most common causes of osteoporosis are:

  • Women, especially older than 60 years of age
  • Thyroid problems
  • Bone cancer
  • Certain genetic disorders
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Low amounts of calcium in diet

Diagnosis and Risk Factors

Osteoporosis can be detected at an early stage with a routine ‘Bone Density Test’, also called Bone Densitometry. This may be recommended as a routine test after Menopause.

You must visit your doctor at Max Healthcare for a regular checkup if you:

  • Are above 40 years of age
  • Have undergone Menopause
  • Have back pain, height loss or a bone that fracture easily


Lifestyle changes are an important aspect of treatment of osteoporosis. Besides, several medications and therapies are also used.

Treatments for established osteoporosis include:

  • Weight-bearing exercises
  • Calcium and Vitamin D supplements
  • Medications to improve bone density
  • Estrogen therapy