Why is Eyelid Surgery Done?
Eyelid surgery is done to improve the contour of the eyelids by adding or removing excess fat. In addition to cosmetic reasons, it is performed to improve the sight after an accident.
What to Expect
Before the Surgery
Before the surgery is conducted, the surgeon examines the patient’s eyes. A peripheral vision test may also be performed. The surgeon will also discuss the after effects and recovery process in detail along with the precautions that need to be taken before the eyelid surgery.The surgeon will evaluate factors, such as bone structure, underlying facial muscle structure and the symmetry of patient’s eyebrows to know how much skin, muscle and/or fat is to be removed. In the weeks leading up to eyelid surgery, patients should cut down on smoking and alcohol. Usually, eyelid surgery is performed under local anaesthesia with intravenous sedation.
During the Surgery
The procedure starts with the doctor making precise marking to display the excess tissue that needs to be removed. During surgery, slits are made in the natural folds of the eyelid or the crease of the upper eyelid and behind the lower eyelid. In this way, incisions remain imperceptible after the healing. During surgery, some underlying muscle may also be removed.
The doctor will re‐contourtissues to give respite from issues like hooding and puffiness. In a lower eyelid surgery, an incision is made below the lash line to remove excess fat and skin. Sutures or tissue adhesives (glue) are then carefully applied to reconfigure areas around the eyebrows and eyelids.
After the Surgery
Usually, the recovery process after the eyelid surgery lasts for one or two weeks. The patient may experience some bruising or swelling along with numbness, occasional double vision and pain for a while, but these would gradually subside over the time. Patients can also use ice or a cold pack to ease the swelling. During the initial weeks after the surgery, doctors may also ask the patient to wear dark sunglasses to patients to protect their eyes from sunlight, dust and foreign particles.
During the recovery period, any activity that increases blood flow to the eye, including bending, sporting activities, swimming, aerobics, jogging and crying, should be avoided completely. Also, patients are advised not to wear makeup near the incision and avoid driving for minimum 72 hours after the surgery.
Before discharge, doctors will make patients aware of the ways to deal with the small side effects ofthe surgery.