Below mentioned are few conditions:
- Nose & Mouth conditions
• Sinusitis
• Sinus Infection
• Deviated Septum
• Allergic Rhinitis
• Nasal Fracture

- Ear & Hearing Conditions
• Ear Drainage
• Age related hearing loss
• Deafness
• Tinnitus
• Sudden Hearing Loss

- Throat Conditions
• Tonsils and Adenoids
• Neck Cancer
• Thyroid Nodules 

Nosebleeds can occur due to many reasons; the most common being changes in weather. Normally nose bleeds occur in hot, dry climates or bitter cold environments. Some of the other causes for nosebleeds are:
• Infection
• Self-induced nose picking
• Use of blood thinning medications
• Excessive intake of Alcohol
• Hypertension
The different tests that are conducted to assess the problem are:
• Auditory brain stemimplant (ABR) or electrocochleography (ECochG).
• Behavioral testing – using tests such as visual response audiometry.
• Older children with post lingual deafness, standard pure tone and aided free field tests are performed along with speech discrimination.
• An aided audiogram.
Surgical and non-surgical treatments are performed based on the severity of the case. Below mentioned are few procedures that are performed by an ENT specialist.
• Adenoidectomy and Tonsillectomy – These are the two most common procedures performed especially in children. Adenoidectomy is the procedure to remove the adenoids (small lumps of lymphoid tissue located close to the nasal cavity where the nose blends with the throat). Tonsillectomy is the procedure when the tonsils are removed. Tonsillectomy may be performed for reasons when the upper airway is partially or completely blocked by the tonsils.
• Myringotomy tube insertion – It is the one of the most common ear surgery. In this a tube is inserted to prevent recurrent infections of inner ear. In case any fluid is accumulated inside the ear, the insertions are made inside the ear to drain out the fluid from the middle ear to avoid hearing imbalance.
• Septoplasty – This is a procedure used to straighten the nasal septum (a separating structure in the nasal cavity). The abnormality or crookedness of the septum could impair one’s ability to breathe. Septoplasty procedure is done through the nasal openings and does not require any external incision.
• Sinus surgery – Sinus surgery is done to remove and blockage in the sinus area or to enlarge the sinus openings for easier drainage.
• Tracheotomy – This procedure is used in cases where patients’ respiratory ability is seriously impaired and air cannot reach the lungs. A small opening in made in the trachea to allow air to reach the lungs.
It is a surgically implanted electronic device that is used by people who receive minimal or no benefit from conventional hearing aid. Often referred to as bionic ear, it works using special technologies to take place of non-working parts in the ear. It is capable of converting sound to electronic signal, which stimulates the 8th nerve.
Cochlear implants provide a heightened sense of sound to adults and children with profound hearing loss. The implants bypass the damaged hair cells in the inner ear and directly stimulate the auditory nerve to send information to the nerve. These are not responsible for restoring or creating new hearing. 
Not all who struggle to hear require a cochlear implant. Some cases can be resolved with the help of hearing aids. The device is best used for adults who have:
• Limited help from hearing aids
• Hearing loss after already learning speech and language
• A strong desire to hear better
• Severe to profound hearing loss in both ears 
The major causes of nasal obstruction are as follows.
• Acute Sinusitis(sinus infection)
• Allergies
• Common cold
• Decongestion nasal spray overuse
• Deviated septum
• Dry air
• Stress
• Medications like high blood pressure drugs 
Tonsillectomy refers to the procedure in which the tonsils are removed. There are several ways to remove the tonsils the most common method being “cold knife (steel) dissection”. This technique involves the surgeon removing the tonsils with the help of a scalpel (sharp bladed instrument). Another common method used is “cauterization”. In this method, the tonsil tissues are completely burnt away. Other methods include the use of ultrasound to treat tonsils as well.
Sinusitis is a common condition where cavities around the nasal passage become inflamed and swollen. There are several causes for sinusitis. Some of the causes are mentioned below.
• Nasal obstruction causing difficulty in breathing
• Pain, tenderness around eyes, cheeks, nose.
• Reduced sense of smell and taste
• Cough that might worsen in the night
• Sore throat
Sinus surgery may be done when complications of sinusitis have occurred. Once sinusitis is diagnosed, the first step is to get it checked by a primary doctor. If the inflammation hasn’t reduced within 3 months, it is considered chronic sinusitis. In the chronic sinusitis, the ENT doctor might suggest surgery in the sinus area. Hence, sinus surgery is not necessary in all cases unless the matter is severe.
There are surgeries performed which have an unexpected effect on the voice. Almost all surgical will have a direct or indirect on the voice. Thus it is important to consider voice related side effects before undergoing any surgical procedure. Some surgeries which affect the voice are.
• Sinusitis
• Thyroid surgery
• Cervical spine surgery 
Most of the elective surgeries are covered under insurance after 2 yrs of taking the insurance policy, however emergency procedures are generally covered from day 1 of taking policy.
Lifestyle changes post sg depends upon the surgery u r undergoing but in general:
- taking food on time
-drinking lot of water
-avoid spicy food
- steam inhalation after nose surgery
- reducing weight  

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