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If you are an adult without risk factors for eye disease, it is recommended that you have an eye examination:
• At least once between the ages 20 and 39
• Every two years between 40 and 50
• Every year if you are above 50 or older.
• If you have a family history of glaucoma or history of diabetes, you should be examined every year after 40
• People with diabetes should get an eye examination done at least once a year
Whether you are a suitable candidate for microkeratome or femto bladeless lasik, the surgeon will be able to guide you after examining your eye parameters like:
• You are at least 19 years old.
• Your Refraction ( glasses power) are stable for more than a year
• You will have to undergo detailed Eye examination to decide if Lasik is suitable for your Eyes - Corneal Thickness ad Curvature, Eye Pressure, Retina Examination etc.
• You should not be pregnant or nursing as these conditions might change the measured Refraction of the Eye. It is best to wait for 6 months after delivery to get Lasik done.
• You should be in good general health. Lasik may not be recommended for patients with Diabetes, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Lupus.
• You should not have eye Diseases like Keratoconus, Glaucoma, Herpes Infections of the Eye, severe Dry Eye.
Any LASIK procedure basically has two main steps, first is to create a very thin flap on outer surface of cornea (can be created either by a fast oscillating blade-microkeratome or bladeless-femtosecond laser) and then treat-ablate the remaining tissue on corneal bed by Excimer Laser to reshape the cornea in order to nullify spectacles power.
Hence it is only the first step of creating flap which is different in blade and bladeless Lasik…the rest procedure of glasses correction by Excimer Laser is same in both.
The visual recovery happens within a day and the fine focussing in 5-7 days. People resume work after 2 0r 3days. The post-operative eyedrops are required for 3-4 weeks, in reducing dosage. Initially there may beglare while night driving which settles down in few weeks.
Phacoemulsification Surgery is done through 2.2 mm self-sealing incision. The cloudy lens is broken into small pieces and sucked out by an ultrasonic high speed vibrating handpiece. After the Cataract material is removed, the back capsule of the lens is left behind on which a clear foldable intraocular lens is implanted. The bladeless Femto technique offers laser assisted cataract surgery to make it blade free. Most of the times we do the Surgery under topical anesthesia-only eye drops are used to make your eyes numb so that there is no pain felt. As there is no injection near the eye involved, patient feels very comfortable and goes back without any pad and bandage.
Most of the time this condition is detected only upon Routine Eye Examination since there are hardly ever symptoms till very late. Hence all patients at our hospital / clinic above 40 years age are screened for the same. The symptoms of this disease may vary from no Symptoms to Eye ache, Headache, red painful Eye and blurred vision. Sometimes early Glaucoma can cause frequent change in spectacles power.
The earlier the treatment, the better the opportunity to reverse the vision Loss. Although the best outcome is achieved if treatment is started before age 5, research has shown that children older than age 10 can show improvement in the affected eye. Before treating Amblyopia, it may be necessary to first treat the underlying cause.
Glasses are commonly prescribed to improve focusing or misalignment of the eyes. Squint Surgery may be performed on the eye muscles to straighten the eyes if non-surgical means are unsuccessful. Eye exercises may be recommended either before or after surgery to correct faulty visual habits associated with strabismus and to teach comfortable use of the Eyes.
The correction may be followed by:
 Patching or covering one eye for a period of time ranging from a few weeks to as long as a year. The better-seeing eye is patched, forcing the "Lazy" one to work, thereby strengthening its vision.
 One should also be wary of over-patching or over-penalizing the good eye when treating for Amblyopia, as this can create so-called "Reverse Amblyopia" in the other Eye.
 Medication- in the form of Eye Drops or Ointment—May be used to blur the Vision of the good eye in order to force the weaker one to work. This is generally a less successful approach.
The treatment for Amblyopia requires lot of effort and patience from both the doctors and parents. Both have to work as a team to achieve the desired results. 
The mainstay of treating Amblyopia is patching of the dominant (good) Eye, either full or part-time during waking hours. The performance of near activities (Reading, Coloring, hand-held computer games) during treatment may be more stimulating to the brain and produce better or more rapid recovery of vision.
It is the common name for “strabismus” where the eyes are not aligned in the same direction. Strabismus or Squint can be treated in various ways. Depending on the individual case, treatment options include:
 Glasses
 Prisms in Spectacles
 Patching of Eye
 Surgery 
Excessive wear of Contact Lenses, particularly overnight wear, and poor hygiene is associated with most of the safety concerns. Never ignore any redness, itching, watering if you are wearing Contact Lens and seek advice from the ophthalmologist.
Few complications of Contact Lens are Giant papillary conjunctivitis-allergic, Superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis-dry Eye, Corneal abrasion, Corneal ulcer - keratitis etc. These are not common and can be easily avoided with proper handling and care of your Lenses. 
Not really. There is nothing external influencing the course of Glaucoma. There is no diet restriction. Carry on with our routine lifestyle and just be regular with your medicines. If you have hypertension, diabetes or thyroid disease, it needs to be well controlled. Avoid having excess of tea and coffee as caffeine has been shown to increase eye pressures in some individuals.
Routine eye examination includes-
• Applanation Tonometry-to measure intraocular pressure
• Fundus- documents the changes of Optic Nerve head(disc) while looking at your fundus through pupil
• Gonioscopy- The type of Glaucoma is detected by assessing the angle of an interior chamber of Eye by gonioscopy.
Depending on the level of suspicion, we ask for following confirmatory test:
• Perimetry - computerized visual field test to detect areas of fading vision.
• Central corneal thickness-to refine the results of our eye pressure measurements
• Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)-anatomical documentation of the optic nerve head and nerve fibre layer 
The option of any of above depends on the age, Refractive Error, Eye Condition and Personal Choice.
• Age- Contact Lens and Lasik is not an option for children. They should wear spectacles. Teenagers can use Contact Lens while the minimum age limit for Lasik is 18 years.
• Contact lens is a safe option if a person does not want to wear glasses.
• If Contact Lens do not suit you or find it cumbersome to handle them, Lasik is a good option. It gives you a permanent solution to get rid of your Glasses or Contact Lens. Only the reading or near number may come up later in life after 40 to 45 years of age. There are certain parameters in eye which need to be examined upon prior to opting for Lasik eg- Corneal Thickness, tear film, retina etc. The Ophthalmologist will examine your Eyes in detail and guide you accordingly. 
 

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