The earlier the treatment, the better the opportunity to reverse the vision Loss. Although the best outcome is achieved if treatment is started before age 5, research has shown that children older than age 10 can show improvement in the affected eye. Before treating Amblyopia, it may be necessary to first treat the underlying cause.
Glasses are commonly prescribed to improve focusing or misalignment of the eyes. Squint Surgery may be performed on the eye muscles to straighten the eyes if non-surgical means are unsuccessful. Eye exercises may be recommended either before or after surgery to correct faulty visual habits associated with strabismus and to teach comfortable use of the Eyes.
The correction may be followed by:
Patching or covering one eye for a period of time ranging from a few weeks to as long as a year. The better-seeing eye is patched, forcing the "Lazy" one to work, thereby strengthening its vision.
One should also be wary of over-patching or over-penalizing the good eye when treating for Amblyopia
, as this can create so-called "Reverse Amblyopia" in the other Eye.
Medication- in the form of Eye Drops or Ointment—May be used to blur the Vision of the good eye in order to force the weaker one to work. This is generally a less successful approach.
The treatment for Amblyopia requires lot of effort and patience from both the doctors and parents. Both have to work as a team to achieve the desired results.