Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is a kind of blood cancer that begins in the bone marrow, the soft inner part of bones. AML usually starts in cells that turn into white blood cells, but it can start in other blood-forming cells, as well. The bone marrow generates three kinds of cell lines, namely:
- White blood cells
- Red blood cells
White blood cells help in the prevention of infections in the body. In people with AML, the bone marrow generates abnormal white blood cells. These cancer cells are termed myeloblasts which quickly transfers from the bone marrow into the circulatory system and can even involve other parts of the body, like lymph nodes, liver, spleen, brain, spinal cord and testicles. Various other names for acute myeloid leukaemia are as follows:
- Acute myelocytic leukaemia
- Acute myelogenous leukaemia
- Acute granulocytic leukaemia
- Acute non-lymphocytic leukaemia
AML is a life-threatening condition and If left untreated, life span is in weeks to months.
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