Minimal Access / laparoscopic Surgery

Endoscopic surgery causes much less pain and patients are mobile within hours after surgery. They are also allowed to resume all activities much earlier and can go back to work within 5-7 days. Another advantage is that both sides can be operated in the same sitting without any extra pain or stay. The cosmetic results are excellent.
Gallstones are pieces of solid material that form in the gallbladder. These stones develop because cholesterol and pigments in bile sometimes form hard particles.
The symptomatic stones and diseased gallbladder should be removed by a surgical procedure called Cholecystectomy.
Fortunately, the gallbladder is an organ that people can live without. Losing it won’t even require a change in diet. Once the gallbladder is removed, bile flows out of the liver through the hepatic ducts into the common bile duct and goes directly into the small intestine, instead of being stored in the gallbladder.

A Hernia occurs when the contents of a body cavity protrude out of the membrane in which they are normally contained through a weak spot in a surrounding muscle or connective tissue. Hernias by themselves may or may not produce symptoms as they are asymptomatic and can cause slight to severe pain.

There are various types of hernia namely- Inguinal (direct & indirect) , Femoral, umbilical and ventral (Incisional, periumbiliacl and epigastric)

Men are more prone to inguinal hernias than women because of basic differences in anatomy. The area where hernias occur most often has a very different function in men than in women.
Surgery is the only way to cure a hernia. A hernia will not go away on its own. Now days, many types of surgical hernia repairs are available.
An anal fistula is a small channel that can develop between the end of the rectum/anal canal and the skin near the anus. An anal fistula can cause bleeding and discharge when passing stools and can be painful. An anal fistula can occur after surgery to drain an perianal abscess. MAFT (VAAFT) is a major breakthrough treatment option for complex fistulas. VAAFT (The Video assisted Anal Fistula Treatment) or MAFT (Minimally Invasive Fistula Treatment) are alternatively used terms.

Piles are also called haemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are masses, clumps, cushions of tissue in the anal canal - they are full of blood vessels, support tissue, muscle and elastic fibers. Haemorrhoids are classified into two general categories: internal and external.

The treatment options available are as follows:

  • Depending on the diagnosis, the doctor advises if home treatment is all you need or further intervention is required. Lifestyle and dietary modifications such as regular physical exercise, plenty of fluids and a high fibre diet provide symptomatic relief.
  • Surgery: Surgery is used for particularly large piles. Generally, surgery is used when conservative treatment/management is not effective. Sometimes surgery is done on an outpatient basis - the patient goes home after the procedure.

Haemorrhoidectomy (open surgery of the piles): the excess tissue that is causing the bleeding is surgically removed. This can be done in various ways. It may involve a combination of a local anesthetic and sedation, a spinal anesthetic, or a general anesthetic. This type of surgery is effective in completely removing piles, but is associated with pain for few days.

Minimally Invasive Procedure for Hemorrhoids (MIPH): This technique uses stapler for performing the surgery. It is relatively painless and be done as a day care surgery

An anal fissure is a small tear in the skin lining the opening of the anus. Fissures can cause severe pain and bleeding, especially during bowel movements. Anal fissures can be caused by hard or difficult bowel movements. Changes in diet resulting in softer stools, as well as topical anesthetics to reduce pain, are common nonsurgical treatments. If surgery is required, your surgeon will work to relax the anal area so there is less anal pain.

Two types of surgeries are available for thyroid and parathyroid treatment:

  • Endoscopic surgery
  • Open surgery

The risk of losing your voice is extremely small with parathyroid surgery.


It is a minimally invasive surgical technique that is used for diagnosing and treating problems in the chest. In this procedure, a tiny thoracoscope (camera) is inserted in the chest through the small incisions in the chest wall. The camera enables in transmitting the images of your chest on the monitor to allow the surgeon to perform the procedure effectively.  

The treatment options are:

  • Open appendectomy: The appendix is removed through an incision in the lower right abdomen.
  • Laparoscopic appendectomy: The appendix is removed with instruments placed into small abdominal incisions.
The amount of pain is different for each person. The pain can be controlled with the help of pain control medications.
Laparoscopic surgery is a "minimally invasive" procedure commonly used to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Unlike traditional surgery of the intestines where a long incision down the center of the abdomen is required, laparoscopic surgery requires only small "keyhole" incisions in the abdomen.

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