Hallux Rigidus refers to "stiff great toe". It is also known as degenerative arthritis and stiffness due to bone spurs that affects the MTP joint at the base of the hallux (big toe).
Its symptoms include:
Pain and stiffness in the joint
Difficulty with certain activities (running, squatting)
Swelling and inflammation around the joint
Its major causes include:
Injury to the joint
Non-surgical treatment - Primary treatment for mild cases of Hallux rigidus may include prescribed foot orthotics, shoe modifications (to take the pressure of the toe and/or facilitate walking), medications (anti-inflammatory drugs), injection therapy (corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and pain) and/or physical therapy.
Surgical treatment - In some cases, surgery is the only way to eliminate or reduce pain. There are several types of surgery for treatment of Hallux rigidus. The type of surgery is based on the stage of hallux rigidus.