It is necessary to wear the right footwear, maintain a correct gait and weight. There are 33 joints in our foot and our entire body weight is supported by them. Ideally, no area of foot should take an extra weight. If there is an uneven distribution of weight and an uneven displacement of pressure on our feet, then there is a possibility of corns, callouses, ingrown tails, knee pain and back pain. It is possible that if there is an uneven distribution of pressure, the problem can persist for more than 20 years. 
Due to the deposition of fat and cholesterol inside the blood vessels, the supply of blood gets limited so if there is any injury or infection in the feet; it takes a long time to heal. You can undergo diabetic neuropathy, foot pressure and foot sensation screening for better results. Below mentioned are few foot care tips you can follow:
• Wash your feet everyday
• Dry your feet well after bath especially between the toes
• Keep the skin soft and smooth, use moisturizing cream if your skin is dry but avoid putting cream between the toes
• Wear extra wide, and well-cushioned footwear.
• Be cautious in cutting your nails. Trim your nails straight, avoid deep cutting of nails as you may injure the skin around the nails.
• Avoid using hot water bottle and electric pads for your feet.
• Refrain from doing bathroom surgeries for corns and calluses and do not use nay corn cap that is available in the market.
• Never neglect any cuts, injury to skin, swelling, redness, and infection of nails. Take prompt medical advice and avoid self-medication.  
Heel pain can originate deep within the foot, directly on the heel bone or within foot’s connective tissues (fascia). There are several layers of fatty tissue around the heel bone that softens the running and walking of the foot. Beneath this padding, a tissue extends from the heel bone, supports the arch and reaches across to the toes. You can experience pain if the tissues become irritated or inflamed or when small spurs grow on the heal bone. Most causes of heel pain are characterized by:
• Inflammation
• Heel spurs: They can be painless but can be a cause of chronic heel pain, which may require surgical or medical removal.
• Causes like: Gout, Arthritis, Collagen disorders, Tumors, Nerve injures, Psoriasis 
In most cases, heel pain can be relieved without surgery. The treatment may include medications, self-care, therapy or orthotics. If the non-surgical treatment fails and pain persists, then surgical intervention may be required. The surgical treatments are usually completed on an outpatient basis. They are performed comfortably under local anesthesia by trained personnel. 
If the nail is not infected, your podiatrist may trim the corner of it to relieve pain. It may be required to remove one side of your nail back to the cuticle. The base of nail is then treated with a chemical to avoid the ingrown part from growing back. In case of severe infections, you may be prescribed with antibiotics, temporary or permanent removal of a portion of a nail.  
Individuals who are suffering from PAD face a higher risk of heart attack, stroke and death. If undetected, PAD can lead to amputations of lower limbs, thereby increasing the chances of having a heart attack. We perform a non-invasive ankle brachial index (ABI) test to determine if you are at a risk of developing PAD or already have it. The ABI index compares the ankle blood pressure against arm blood pressure to determine the progression of the disease. However, many individuals with PAD do not experience leg symptoms like cramping, pain or fatigue. The common symptoms you can witness are:
• Tiredness, pain in the legs, buttocks that always happens when you walk but goes away when you rest.
• Foot or toe pain that often disturbs your sleep
• Skin wounds or ulcers on your feet or toes that are slow to heal 
Warts are unwanted growth on the skin, caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV). They are majorly benign in nature but can be infectious if not treated properly. They have a tendency to spread through skin to skin contact. However, not all strains of this virus are contagious because it depends on the person’s immune system.
Genital warts which are transmitted sexually lead to unwanted skin growths. These skin growths can cause pain, discomfort and itching. These are dangerous for women as some types can eventually cause cancer around vaginal area if not treated properly.
You can reduce the risk of warts by:
• Avoiding direct contact with warts.
• Avoiding pricking the warts as it can spread the virus
• Regularly sanitizing your hands and being cautious while touching the warts
• Avoiding irritation on the areas that have warts
• Avoiding biting fingernails as it can cause the virus to grow. 
If you are suffering from ulcers, you must visit your podiatrist weekly or daily. 

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