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October, 2015 :15

Hammer Toe

Home >> Podiatry >> Hammer Toe

Clinical Directorate


A hammer toe or contracted toe is a kind of deformity of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the second, third, or fourth toe causing it to be permanently bent, resembling a hammer. Hammer toe is primarily caused due to wearing poorly fitting shoes that can force the toe into a bent position, such as excessively high heels or shoes that are too short or narrow for the foot.

Signs and Symptoms

Its symptoms include:

  • Middle joint of the toe is bent
  • Difficulty in moving the toe
  • Callus on the sole of the foot
  • Walking or wearing shoes can be painful


There could be many reasons of hammer toe including:

  • Wearing wrong sized shoes
  • Wearing high heel shoes
  • Sitting in wrong foot position over a long time
  • Joint damage
  • Osteoarthritis


Mild hammer toe in children can be treated by manipulating and splinting the affected toe. Control drugs to prevent attacks.

The following changes in footwear may help relieve symptoms:

  • Wear the right size shoes or shoes with wide toe boxes for comfort, and to avoid making hammer toe worse
  • Avoid high heels as much as possible
  • Wear soft insoles to relieve pressure on the toe

Corrective surgery is also an option it the problem becomes extremely severe.