Tympanoplasty is a type of ear surgery done to patch up the hole in the eardrum. The eardrum, or tympanic membrane, is a thin tissue that divides the middle and outer ear canal. The eardrum allows you to hear as it vibrates when the sound waves enter the ear.
However, if the eardrum is damaged or has a hole in it, it may result in a ruptured eardrum. This can lead to hearing loss. The hole in the eardrum could be congenital or may be caused due to an injury or trauma. Other causes for ruptured eardrums include ear infections, pressure changes, acoustic trauma, and more.
Tympanoplasty surgery is done to reconstruct the hole in the eardrum. The surgery is usually done under general anaesthesia. A tissue graft is taken from the patient, usually behind the ear, and the surgery usually takes around two hours.
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