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Month Red Autoclave(Infected Plastic Waste) Yellow- Incineration(AnatomicalWaste & Soiled Waste) Blue Autoclave (Glass- Bottles) Black Cytotoxic- Incineration( Cytotoxic Contaminated Items) White- Sharp Total Bags Total Weight(In KG's)
  No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's)    
Apr-17 924 2963.50 954 2994.10 239 1017.30 103 279.20 1645 606.40 3865 7861.00
May-17 1175 4624.12 1028 3498.40 276 1524.34 87 195.01 1803 823.85 4369 10665.71
Jun-17 1060 4511.45 902 2886.66 293 1324.05 76 194.00 2057 1100.69 4388 10016.85
Jul-17                     0 0.00
Aug-17                     0 0.00
Sep-17                     0 0.00
Oct-17                     0 0.00
Nov-17                     0 0.00
Dec-17                     0 0.00
Jan-18                     0 0.00
Feb-18                     0 0.00
Mar-18                     0 0.00
YTD 3159 12099.065 2884 9379.155 808 3865.69 266 668.705 5505 2530.94 12622 28543.555

Cardiac Sciences

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Clinical Directorate

For more info please call 8744 888 888 (Delhi – NCR) & 9988 422 333 (Chandigarh Tri-city), or mail at

Max Institute of Cardiac Sciences strives to provide patients with expert treatment and care. We believe in offering the patients with an ethical and open environment to recover. Our team of expert cardiologists and cardiac surgeons believes in carrying out an in-depth investigation of patient condition taking into account patient’s complete medical history, therefore strategizing a tailored treatment and recovery plan for each.

Our expertise in cardiac care helps us in caring for patients with heart disease by providing complete all-round care. From diagnosis, prevention, treatment, surgical care to cardiac rehabilitation and wellness services, we look after your heart A to Z.

Can Salt Cause Heart Failure?

April 27, 2018 0 54 2 minutes, 39 seconds read

Salt is a major component of food; however, consuming too much salt can have negative effects on the body, including high blood pressure level. Furthermore, elevated blood pressure increases the risk of developing coronary heart disease that may also lead to heart failure. So, to keep the heart’s health intact, it is important to limit the amount of salt each day.

Our experts say that a high blood pressure puts added force against the walls of the arteries. This extra pressure, in future, can damage the arteries, which makes them more likely to become narrowed and hardened by fatty deposits called plaque.

The cases of heart disease and heart transplant in India are increasing with every passing day. It is important to be informed and have a better understanding of factors that can cause slow damage to the heart. 

How Much Salt is Too Much?

Adults should consume about one teaspoon salt each day – that is less than 6 grams. This includes salt that one adds when cooking and at the table, as well as salt that is already present in packed and readymade food.

Dr Ritiwck Raj Bhuyan, Principal Consultant & Incharge, CTVS, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Patparganj, says, according to their age, the salt consumption quantity of children should be less than adults.

Age Max. Sodium Per Day Max. Salt Per Day
1-3 Years 0.8g 2g
4-6 Years 1.2g 3g
7-10 Years  2g 5g
11 Years and Older 2.5g 6g
Adults 2.5g 6g

As per the British Heart Foundation, some simple steps can reduce salt intake and improve long-term health. Moreover, WHO states that consuming a moderate amount of salt (less than 6g) per day helps in reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases, coronary heart attack, blood pressure and stroke.

What is Hidden Salt?

Around three-quarter of the salt that you consume is through packaged and processed food. In addition, everyday food items like cereals and bread also have added salt, and because the consumption of these foods is so often, the amount of salt in them can really add up to overall use. The amount of salt varies from brand to brand, so checking the label before making a purchase decision can help one choose healthier options.

How to Balance Salt Intake?

Most people have a misconception that low salt food is bland and tasteless; however, this is not true. There are a lot of things one can do to consume tasty yet healthy food. Some of these include:

  • Try picking packaged food with low-salt options and ingredients
  • Check the label for color coding to identify the amount of salt (red – high in salt, amber – medium salt, green – low in salt)
  • Try adding less salt when cooking food and no salt at all at the table
  • Use lemon juice, pepper, garlic, spices and herbs to add flavour to food
  • Keep away from using packaged cooking sauces (especially soy sauce) – they have a high salt component
  • Swap salty snacks with fruits and vegetables
  • Avoid processed foods, bacon, ready-to-eat meals, cheese and other food items that have a high salt level
  • Eat home cooked meals as much as possible

Follow these tips, and you will be surprised how quickly your taste buds adapt.

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The Do's and Don'ts of Living with an ICD

April 12, 2018 0 176 2 minutes, 57 seconds read

Heart disease is a blow that affects emotions as well as the body. At times the patient may feel anxious, depressed, afraid and even angry. Many people suffer from heart diseases including conditions that may show no associated symptoms but can be fatal.

Arrhythmia is a condition that takes the form of an irregular heartbeat – where the heart may beat too slowly, too fast or irregularly. It takes the form of a rapid heartbeat that can result in stopping of the normal functioning of the heart. The best cardiologist in Delhi, advises an ICD to people suffering from this condition as a life-saving measure.

An ICD or Implantable Cardio Defibrillator is a remarkable little device that can significantly improve the quality of life and may even save lives. ICD looks a lot like a pacemaker but both function differently. The job of the pacemaker is to speed up a slow heartbeat while that of an ICD is completely opposite. An ICD monitors the heart, detects an abnormally fast rhythm and then stimulates the heart to return it to a normal rhythm. Thanks to the advancement in medical science, the new-age ICDs come with a pacemaker built into them; thus, keeping both the conditions in control.


  • Patients with an ICD should always carry their Patient Identification Card at all times
  • The identification card carries important information like the type of ICD, and in an emergency, this card will give the doctor critical data that could save the patient’s life
  • Follow the doctor’s instructions for returning to normal activities
  • When travelling, the person with an ICD should always inform the security staff about the device in advance as it may trigger an alarm
  • When walking through security gates, the person with an ICD should never allow the security personnel to place the scanner over the ICD. The Patient Identity Card comes handy in such situations.
  • When going for any other treatment, the patient should always inform the treating doctor about the device.
  • The patient should always take regular check-ups to ensure the functioning of the device
  • The doctor prescribes medication for the patient’s overall well-being; thus, should never be given a miss
  • If the patient receives two shocks within 24 hours, consulting the doctor is a must


  • People having an ICD should not venture into rough contact sports like boxing and rugby. The pressure caused on the body by the opponent may cause damage to the device
  • People with an ICD that is not MRI compatible should avoid proximity with magnetic devices such as MRI scanners as the magnetic rays can interfere with the programming of the device
  • The electromagnetic signals of cellular phones can interfere with proper functioning of the device; thus, should avoid carrying it in the pocket over the ICD
  • After getting an ICD, patients should avoid getting heat therapy
  • The strenuous repetitive upper-body workout may affect the ICD or the leads (wires); thus, it is better to avoid them
  • The doctors advise the patient not to play with or move the ICD under the skin
  • The patient should avoid lifting, stretching and sudden jerky movements for some weeks after the implant

Final Words

Above all, patients with an ICD should never live life on any presumption. They should always clear their doubts with their treating cardiologists to live a life free of complications after the implant. An Implantable Cardio Defibrillator is safe and trouble-free. Regular check-ups and proper care can significantly increase the life expectancy and quality of life of the heart patient. 

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Can Cough Indicate A Signal for Heart Failure?

April 11, 2018 0 97 2 minutes, 50 seconds read

Most of the cough signs are often associated with the issues related to lungs. However, not many people know that a chronic cough is also an indication of heart failure.

At times, people who suffer from heart failure experience a persistent cough that can also contain some blood. This mostly occurs when the heart failure progresses to advance stage. To ensure a healthy and safe life, people must know whether their chronic cough is an indication of heart failure and if yes then what are the steps they need to take. Here is all one needs to know about the connection between cough and heart failure.

What is Heart Failure?

Also known as congestive heart failure, this medical condition occurs when heart muscles are not able to pump blood properly. This is a chronic and progressive heart complication which is usually caused by conditions such as coronary artery disease, hypertension, heart valve disease among others.

The Connection between Cough and Heart Failure

An issue that comes up with the weak functioning of the heart muscle is congestion in lungs. This happens when the blood returning to the heart from the lungs tends to back up, which can lead to a situation where the fluid can leak into the airspace (alveoli) of the lungs. This congestion then results in a cough.

A cough that is associated with heart failure can be accompanied by heavy wheezing and labored breathing. In advance stage patients cough with frothy sputum and some tings of blood. It can   Dr. Amit Malik, Principal Consultant, Interventional Cardiology - Electrophysiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Vaishali mentions below few  signs that the patient may experience like:

  • Shortness of breath on effort
  • Swelling around ankle
  • Breathlessness on lying down and cough

Such chronic cardiac cough can indicate that the heart failure is gradually worsening, and the patient must seek medical attention for timely treatment.

There is one more thing patients need to keep in mind:

Coughing is not always a sign of heart failure; it can also be a side effect of the medications that are usually prescribed for heart failure. However, the cough that occurs as a side-effect is annoyingly dry, with throat irritation.

To be able to understand this distinction in a cough, one can ask a cardiologist and clear their doubts. We, at Max Healthcare, the best heart hospital in Delhi offer world-class cardiac treatment to our patients. Our best cardiologists in Delhi not only focus on the treatment but also guide the patients about the treatment and the side-effects of the medications if there are any. At times, some people are not even sure if they are experiencing heart attack symptoms or heart failure symptoms. Our trusted professionals also clear these doubts and spread awareness among the patients.

Some Other Symptoms

Other than coughing, the following symptoms can also indicate heart failure:

  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Swelling of the abdomen
  • Loss of appetite and nausea
  • Rapid weight gain due to fluid retention
  • Increased urination at night

In case a person experiences the symptoms mentioned above along with a persistent cough, they should consult a doctor instead of self-speculating about the possible health complication.

A cardiac cough is usually a sign that the heart failure is worsening and the best thing a patient can do to avoid a fatal situation is to get the appropriate treatment on time and start focusing on a healthy lifestyle.


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Do You Know the Warning Signs and Symptoms of Congestive Heart Failure?

April 10, 2018 0 111 3 minutes, 30 seconds read

CHF or congestive heart failure is a chronic and progressive condition that affects the pumping action of the heart muscles. When this happens, blood is not able to move efficiently through the circulatory system, and the ventricles are unable to pump sufficient amount of blood to the body. As a result, blood and other fluids start accumulating inside the liver, lungs, abdomen and lower body.

Any delay in congestive heart failure treatment can be life-threatening. We at Max Healthcare advise seeking immediate medical attention if someone is suspected of having CHF.

What are the Causes of Congestive Heart Failure?

CHF is a result of a combination of health conditions that directly affect the cardiovascular system. The common causes of congestive heart failure include:

  • Cardiomyopathy or weakened heart muscle
  • Hypertension
  • Damaged heart valves
  • Blocked coronary arteries
  • Congenital heart diseases
  • Prolonged and serious rrhythm problems

Therefore, Dr. Gaurav Minocha, Principal Consultant, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Vaishali says that it is important to get regular checkups done in order to keep the heart’s health intact.

Lifestyle habits that aggravate congestive heart failure include:

  • Alcohol or cocaine abuse
  • Smoking
  • Lack of physical activity and obesity
  • High salt intake – this may lead to fluid retention in the body

Symptoms of Congestive Heart Failure

Patients most likely do not notice any changes in the health in the early stages of congestive heart failure. However, when the condition progresses, they start experiencing gradual changes in the body.

Symptoms That a Patient Notices First Include:

  • Weight gain
  • Swelling of legs, ankle and feet
  • Increased urge to urinate, especially at night
  • Fatigue

Signs That Indicate the Condition Has Worsened:

  • Congested lungs followed by a cough
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Wheezing and shortness of breath

Signs That Indicate the Heart Condition Is Severe:

  • Rapid breathing
  • Bluish skin – due to lack of oxygen in the lungs
  • Chest pain
  • Fainting

If the patient experiences any of the symptoms that point to a severe heart condition, they should never delay seeking medical attention from a good cardiologist for timely treatment of the condition.

Book an appointment with best Cardiologist in Delhi.

Types of Heart Failure

Systolic dysfunction and diastolic dysfunction are the two types of heart failure.

Systolic Heart Failure – Also known as Systolic dysfunction, this condition occurs when the pumping action of heart reduces or weakens. The Ejection fraction in this condition goes below the threshold of 50%.

Diastolic Heart Failure – Also known as diastolic dysfunction, this condition occurs when the heart becomes less compliant or stiff when filling with blood. It is common in people above 75 years of age, especially in those suffering from high blood pressure. The Ejection fraction is normal in this condition.

What Tests are performed to Diagnose Congestive Heart Failure?

Common tests done to diagnose congestive heart failure include:

  • Electrocardiogram – An electrocardiogram efficiently records the hearts rhythm and brings to notice any abnormality.
  • Echo or Echocardiogram – This test uses sound waves to check the functioning of the heart. An echo helps in determining if the patient has any muscle damage, poor blood flow, and abnormal contraction of heart muscle. It gives information about EF or Ejection fraction which is an indication of heart function, normal EF being 50 to 70%
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – This test takes both still and moving pictures of the heart and helps the doctors in diagnosing if there is any structural abnormality or damage to the heart.
  • Stress Test – This test is performed to access how the heart performs when in stress. When the heart works harder, it makes it easier for the doctor to diagnose conditions with restricted blood flow i.e coronary blockages as ECG changes or Echo changes would appear or worsen
  • Coronary Angiography -  This is done to rule out blocked arteries and treat the blocks in case they exist as it would help improve heart function.
  • Blood Test – BUN, creatinine, CBC, glucose and electrolytes, Thyroid function and cardiac enzymes are some of the tests doctors conduct when they diagnose CHF.

It is therefore important to be aware of symptoms of heart failure as early diagnosis and treatment can help to prevent progression of heart failure and save a life. One can also visit or keep in touch with the best heart hospital in Delhi.

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Life After a Heart Transplant

April 5, 2018 0 44 3 minutes, 5 seconds read

The road to recovery after a heart transplant surgery seems like a tough one.  However, if the patients follow the advice of their heart surgeon and cardiologist and adopt a healthy lifestyle, they can expect a quality life. There are various measures the patients and their family members need to keep in mind to ensure the overall success of the heart transplant surgery.

Dr. Ritwick Raj Bhuyan, Principal Consultant & Incharge, CTVS, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Patparganj mentions some of the things one should adopt for a healthy life after a heart transplant are listed below:

Proper Medications

This is an inevitable step towards the best recovery. In case of heart transplant surgery, there are chances the body of the patient might not support the new organ and start rejecting it. This can lead to serious complications. To make sure that such situation does not show up, cardiologists prescribe certain medications. The patients and their family members must understand the prescription thoroughly to avoid any misunderstanding. Also, taking medications on time every day as prescribed by the doctor is essential after heart transplant surgery.

Regular Check-ups

A heart transplant surgery is one of the major surgical procedures, and therefore it needs to be assessed on a regular basis. The regular appointments may involve a number of blood tests, echocardiograms and heart biopsies to ensure the success of the surgery. If patients face any health issues that may indicate something serious, they should contact their doctor immediately to avoid any further complication.

Healthy and Balanced Diet

Life does become healthier after a heart transplant surgery. However, if the patients do not care about their health after the transplant, they might risk themselves to other health issues. That is why they are advised to follow a healthy diet post-surgery.

As far as the guide to a healthy diet is concerned, we at Max Healthcare, ensure that our patients are well informed by a dietician. The dietician educates the patients and their caretakers about the proper diet to ensure a healthy recovery. In general, a heart-healthy diet means:

  • Limited intake of sugar, salt and fat
  • Avoiding canned soups and junk food
  • Eating recommended fresh vegetables and fruits


After the transplant, patients can enter into cardiac rehabilitation to learn various practices that lead to healthy and fast recovery. Our cardiac rehabilitation, for instance, is a specialised centre where the patients are provided care and encouraged to take up healthy lifestyle habits and perform mild exercises under supervision.  

Hope and Support

The last point is as important as the others mentioned above. The patients who go through a heart transplant may experience an overwhelming stir of emotions. In such a case, family members and friends can give them hope and support to stay motivated for a healthy life. This encourages the patients to adopt a healthy lifestyle and finally reach the state of happiness.

Other than these, some of the things that patients need to keep in mind are as follows:

  • Hygiene should be maintained to avoid any kind of infections
  • The wound area must be kept clean and dry
  • In case the patient has a habit of smoking or drinking, they must quit it after the transplant
  • An ideal body weight should be maintained

Getting a successful heart transplant surgery is no less than getting a new life. In order to maintain this gift, patients need to give extra focus to their life after a heart transplant to make sure that their heart remains in a healthy state. We at Max Healthcare understand our patients’ concerns and that is why our transplant team not only focuses on them till the surgery but also guide them through a healthy recovery after the transplant. 

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FAQs on ‘Heart’ Diseases!

March 30, 2018 0 92 2 minutes, 15 seconds read

Q1.  What are the types of Heart Disease?

A: There are 4 forms of Heart Disease:

1. Congenital Heart Disease (Hole in the heart, Blue baby etc.)

2. Valvular Heart Disease (generally occurs after Rheumatic fever in children and adolescents)

3. Lifestyle disease (Coronary artery disease)

4. Degenerative Heart Disease (Like calcification of valves, aneurysms etc.)

Q2. Are all Heart Diseases PREVENTABLE?

A: Yes! Dr. Ganesh Mani, Chairman, Cardiac Sciences, Max Smart Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, mentions below points on how you can decrease the incidence of heart diseases.   

1. The Incidence of congenital heart disease is relatively higher in regions where marriages are between ‘related’ persons. (Consanguinous marriages). Education & Genetic counselling can reduce the incidence.  

2. Prompt institution and continuation of Penicillin/Antibiotic Prophylaxis in diagnosed cases of Rheumatic fever can prevent valve narrowing or leakage.

3. Life Style Disease can be prevented by watching one’s weight, blood pressure and diabetes.

Avoidance of ‘S’ is the thumb rule!

S - Smoking

S - Sugar

S - Salt

S - Stress

S - Sedentary habits

S - Spirits in excess

4. Degenerative Diseases are not as preventable as the former three. But regular checkups, early diagnosis and treatment can prolong life.

Q3. How do we know if we have heart disease?


1. Congenital heart disease of a serious nature manifests in infancy and childhood. But if left untreated, many children may die or become inoperable in later life.

2. Valvular heart disease manifests in school going children who withdraw from games, feel disinterested in climbing stairs or start panting on mild exertion.

3. Coronary Artery Disease can be suspected due to the sudden onset of new symptoms like:

  • Chest discomfort (Aggravated by exertion or meals)
  • Unusual breathlessness on exertion.

Q4. What is the diet recommended for Heart patients?


1. Avoid excessive fluids if the child has heart failure.

2. Should have nourishing diet and avoid excessive salt intake.

3. Coronary Artery Disease and Degenerative heart disease.

Animal products can increase cholesterol levels especially Red meat.

Plant products like vegetables, fruits and nuts do not increase cholesterol at all.       

Carbohydrates (rice, sugar, wheat) should be taken in limited quantities as

Diabetes predisposes to heart disease.


Q5: Can all types of Heart Disease be treated by surgery or intervention?

A: Yes,

1. Corrective open heart surgery can be done for all children if they are not rendered inoperable by waiting!

2. Narrowed valves can be opened by balloon in cath lab. Derranged valves can be repaired or replaced by substitutes mechanical for young tissue for old.

3. Angioplasty and stents are indicated in short segmental blocks and Coronary Bypass Surgery is indicated in long multiple or total blocks, especially in Diabetics.

4. If valves are degenerated, that can be safely replaced with tissue valve substitutes which last about 20 years.



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Heart Surgery In India Today!

March 29, 2018 0 69 2 minutes, 16 seconds read

There seems to be a popular myth that Cardiac Surgery is a “thing of the past” and that Interventional Cardiology has completely replaced it. This is actually far from the truth.

Though cardiology has made huge strides in the last two decades, there continues to be a clear role of surgery in the treatment of heart disease. Dr. Ganesh Kumar Mani, Chairman - MAX Smart Super Specialty Hospital, Saket, vividly describes the heart surgeries in India today:   


Technological advancements in biomedical engineering have made almost coronary blockages to be tackled by catheter based interventions which are relatively more appealing to the patient. Whereas this could hold true for short segmental lesions,  long term results  of long lesions especially close to the left main bifurcation  are inferior to arterial bypass grafts (by surgery). Well conducted randomised trials (SYNTAX, FREEDOM) have proven that the benefits of CABG remain for longer periods in diabetic patients.

Biomedical technology also made cardiac surgery a progress and the operations that were carried out by big incisions and by stopping the heart to operate have been replaced  in many centres around the world  by BEATING HEART SURGERY (operating even as  the heart continues to beat, as the name implies) without the assistance of the  Heart Lung machine or its inadvertent complications. Vein grafts (harvested from the leg) have been replaced by arterial grafts from within the chest or from the forearm. Average length of stay in hospital has been reduced to less than a week with less chance of repeat intervention for at least a decade.


Though simple mitral stenosis (the common Rheumatic heart problem) can be adequately treated by catheter based balloon dilatation, most other valve related problems require CARDIAC SURGERY. Repairs are the first modality offered. Valve replacements are required for a large majority of patients because of late presentation and extensive calcifications.  Anticoagulation (blood thinning) is mandatory for mechanical valves but optional after 3months when TISSUE valves are implanted. The third generation tissue valves last more than 20 years and ideally suited for the elderly. However, whenever anticoagulation is prescribed, frequent blood tests are mandatory to optimise the dose of the drug.


As per World Health Organisation  estimates, nearly 8 out of 1000 live births are born with Congenital heart defects. Most congenital heart diseases have to be tackled by Open Heart Surgery. Technological advances in perfusion have made corrective surgery safe even in the neonatal period. Young parents of these unfortunate children do not find the resource to fund these operations. Philanthropy by Rotary International  and non- Government  Organisations like the Health Education And Research Trust make it possible for these poor  kids to receive lifesaving cardiac surgery in tertiary care facilities.

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Dr. Irfan Yaqoob Bhat

Dr. Irfan Yaqoob Bhat
Consultant - Cardiology
Best Cardiologist in Delhi, India - Irfan Yaqoob Bhat
  • Coronary Interventions – Bifurcation & Complex
  • Device Intervention for Heart failure & Rhythm Disorders
  • Management of Chronic Heart failure
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Biographical Sketch: 
  • Dr. Irfan has over 6 years of experience in the field of Cardiology. His areas of special interest include Coronary Interventions & Management of Heart Failure. He has worked with SKIMS, Srinagar & KSMC, Riyadh in the past.


Work Experience: 
  • Worked as Associate Consultant, SKIMS, Srinagar
  • Worked as Consultant Interventional Cardiologist, Kare Partners, Saharanpur
  • Worked as Consultant Interventional Cardiologist, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh
Education & Training: 
  • MBBS from GMC, Srinagar
  • MD in Internal Medicine from SKIMS ,Srinagar
  • DM Cardiology from SKIMS ,Srinagar
Awards Information: 
  • Thirteen Publications:- National / International Journals
  • Gold Medal (Iamacon) - 2015
Duration Of OPD: 

   Max Super Speciality Hospital, Dehradun

  • Mon to Sat – 04:00 pm to 06:00 pm

Hypertension – The ‘SILENT KILLER’

March 15, 2018 0 71 1 minute, 59 seconds read

People take hypertension lightly, and most of them are not aware or don’t pay attention to its criticality. We have gathered some common and most frequently asked questions that people have about hypertension to reflect on its seriousness.

What is Hypertension?

Referred to as a ‘Silent Killer’, high blood pressure or hypertension is a medical condition in which the blood pressure remains much higher than normal levels.

Why is it called a silent killer? 

According to Dr. Niraj Kumar, Associate Director, Max Hospital, Gurgaon, it is quite common to come across with people have high BP for years without even knowing about it. Mostly, there are no symptoms or sometimes minor symptoms, but it damages the arteries and vital organs of the body which can lead to life-threatening medical emergencies. Typically, the higher the blood pressure, the greater is the risk. If hypertension is left untreated, it can affect all organ systems which can considerably shorten one's life expectancy by 10 to 20 years.  

How Common is Hypertension in India?

In India, more than one-third of the urban adult population and more than one-fourth of the rural adult population have hypertension. It is reaching epidemic proportions in India with an estimated 100 million patients. Status of hypertension awareness, treatment & control is dismal in India. Only about 1/3 of hypertensive population is on treatment, and only about 20% of that is really under control. Moreover, hypertension is a critical risk factor for global burden of disease and disability as well as global morbidity and mortality.

What Medical Emergencies Can Hypertension Lead to?

Hypertension can lead to coronary heart disease (Angina, Heart attack), stroke, end-stage renal disease, congestive heart failure and peripheral vascular disease. However, even though hypertension is a risk factor for these critical medical conditions, it can be easily controlled. Hence, it is necessary to identify and control hypertension by encouraging a healthy lifestyle. Furthermore, preventive strategies can help decrease the prevalence of hypertension in the general population. One can also consult the doctor at the best heart hospital in Delhi for the precautions.

What are the treatment options for hypertension?

Drug therapy is the most widely administered treatment option for hypertension; however, lifestyle changes are mandatory and play a significant role in coping with the condition. Some of the common lifestyle changes suggested by doctors include losing weight, quitting smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, eating a balanced diet and regular exercise.

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