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Month Red Autoclave(Infected Plastic Waste) Yellow- Incineration(AnatomicalWaste & Soiled Waste) Blue Autoclave (Glass- Bottles) Black Cytotoxic- Incineration( Cytotoxic Contaminated Items) White- Sharp Total Bags Total Weight(In KG's)
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Jun-17 1060 4511.45 902 2886.66 293 1324.05 76 194.00 2057 1100.69 4388 10016.85
Jul-17                     0 0.00
Aug-17                     0 0.00
Sep-17                     0 0.00
Oct-17                     0 0.00
Nov-17                     0 0.00
Dec-17                     0 0.00
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YTD 3159 12099.065 2884 9379.155 808 3865.69 266 668.705 5505 2530.94 12622 28543.555

Eye Care

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Clinical Directorate

For more info please call 8744 888 888 (Delhi – NCR) & 9988 422 333 (Chandigarh Tri-city), or mail at homecare@maxhealthcare.com

With the best eye surgeons, the latest and highly sophisticated medical equipment and facilities, Max Eye Care definitely makes for the best choice when it comes to eye care. What's more, being a part of the Max Healthcare group, you can rest assured of the quality of service and the care and comfort that you will get here.

Pressure Inside the Eyes Can Damage the Optic Nerve!

November 21, 2016 0 585 3 minutes, 57 seconds read

The average normal Intraocular pressure is 10 to 21 mHg. A pressure above 21 mHg can slowly damage the retinal nerve fibres and optic nerve at the back of an eye, which forms the main optic nerve carrying visual impulse to the brain.

The high pressure of the eyes slowly damages the retinal nerve fibres and Optic nerve, thereby decrease the vision. If not detected well in time, it can lead to an irreversible vision loss.

How will you know that you have Glaucoma?

It is a silent disease and most of the time will have no symptoms. Several times this condition is detected upon routine eye examination. Sometimes patients perceive this problem only when the central vision gets affected. Therefore, it is required that all patients are screened for the same. If the pressure inside the eyes becomes too high (normal pressure is 10 to 21mmHg, you can witness the following symptoms:

  • Heaviness in the eyes
  • Severe Headaches
  • Colored Halos around a light bulb
  • Sudden redness with a blurred vision
  • Frequent changes in spectacles power

Why do the eye pressures Increase?

To understand this, compare your eye to a balloon filled with water. If the water is more, balloon will become tense. Similarly, if the pressure in the eyes becomes high, it affects the optic nerves at the back of the eye. Therefore, it is important that a delicate balance is maintained between the area that forms fluid in eye and area draining out the same. Due to miscrostructual changes in these areas, the fluid is either produced or drained less, resulting in high pressures.

Can I have Glaucoma with normal pressure?

Yes, some people have a susceptibility to damage even with normal pressure (Low Tension or Normal Tension Glaucoma). There are various theories for this kind of Glaucoma, mainly a change in vascularity-blood supply of optic nerve.

What tests are done to diagnose Glaucoma?

Routine eye examination includes-

Applanation Tonometry- To measure intraocular pressure
Fundus- documents the changes of Optic Nerve head(disc) while looking at your fundus through pupil
Gonioscopy- The type of Glaucoma is detected by assessing the angle of an interior chamber of Eye by gonioscopy.

Additionally, depending on the level of suspicion, we ask for following confirmatory tests:

Perimetry - Computerized visual field test to detect areas of fading vision.
Central corneal thickness- To refine the results of our eye pressure measurements
Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) - Anatomical documentation of the optic nerve head and nerve fibre layer

How is Glaucoma treated?

It could be in the form of medicines, laser or eye surgery. Treatment often begins with Eye drops for lowering intraocular pressure, which will prevent further damage. Newer medications are now available which are effective and have few side effects. Medicines used for each individual has to be chosen with great care according to his eye condition, systemic illness and lifestyle pattern.

What is the Role of Laser?

A certain type of Glaucoma eg. Pigmentary Glaucoma is treated by Argon Laser Trabeculoplasty (ALT). Peripheral Iredectomy (P.I.) has a role in narrow angle Glaucoma.

Is there Surgery for Glaucoma?

With the newer medications, surgical intervention is less required. However, in patients who have failed laser treatment, or presence of advanced progressive Glaucoma, filtering surgery trabeculectomy is done. An alternative microtrack is created for the fluid to flow out, thus controlling the eye pressure. The success rate of this surgery varies according to the type and stage of Glaucoma. Various modifications can be done to ensure that filtering passage works throughout life.

What are the complications of Glaucoma surgery?

Glaucoma Surgeries require precision of an eye surgeon and patience. The microtrack created by surgery can overfiltrate or underfiltrate. Like any other surgery there might be few complications like bleeding, infection, low or high pressures etc. Some trabeculectomies may fail to function after months or years.

I have been diagnosed with Glaucoma, what should I do to ensure that my vision remains normal?

Do not worry, you will enjoy healthy sight if you put the antiGlaucoma eye drops regularly and keep your eye pressures under control. It is very crucial that you visit your eye specialist and report for follow-ups as advised. Normally, the patient is asked to visit every 4 months for to check for eye pressure and repeat the visual field examination every year.

Are there any lifestyle do’s and don’ts for a Glaucoma patient?

Not really. There is nothing external influencing the course of Glaucoma. There is no diet restriction. Carry on with our routine lifestyle and just be regular with your medicines. If you have hypertension, diabetes or thyroid disease, it needs to be well controlled. Avoid having excess of tea and coffee as caffeine has been shown to increase eye pressures in some individuals.


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How to Avoid Eye Infections Against Pollution?

November 14, 2016 0 45 2 minutes, 6 seconds read

Air pollution can be a  health hazard for people of all ages. It is one of the top 10 dangers that can lead to eye and respiratory problems. It is true that by wearing face masks, the inhalation of particulate matter gets reduced significantly but our eyes are still exposed to the polluted air. The airborne pollution is high, so people report eye discomfort 3 to 4 times more. It is of utmost importance that you protect yourself from this unnecessary suffering.The Presence of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and nitric acid can make the tear film of your eyes more acidic. There can be serious conditions like redness, watery eyes, burning and itchy sensation.

If these eye allergies are not treated well in time, it can cause cornea problems, which can affect your vision.

Few tips to prevent eye infections:

- Consume a healthy diet consisting of carrots

- Wear sunglasses when outdoors

- In case fine particulates have entered inside your eyes, do not RUB your eyes

- Refrain from using contact lens if you eyes are feeling itchy

- Use cool compressions to reduce inflammation

- Do not open the windows of cars during peak hours of traffic

- Wash your hands frequently if you have been to any public place

- Install an air purifier filter or system at home to protect your eyes against various diseases that are caused by air pollution

- It is true that by wearing face masks, the inhalation of particulate matter gets reduced significantly but our eyes are still exposed to the bad air. The airborne pollution is high, so people report eye discomfort 3 to 4 times more than they could get with dry eyes. It is of utmost importance that you protect yourself from this unnecessary suffering, below mentioned are few things you can consider to stay safe:

- If you are using Eye contacts: Experts advice to use lubricating eye drops as well as ensure that you clean your lenses with lens solution every time you wear or remove them. Moreover, wearing protective glasses can be useful if the pollutant contaminant levels are high.

- Try to stay indoors if the pollution level is high. If out, wear masks, spectacles, sunglasses to stop the particulates to enter inside your eyes.

- If the pollutants have entered inside your eye, avoid rubbing your eyes and splash them with water immediately. Pollution can cause excessive dryness and soreness if the condition persists rush to an ophthalmologist for quick diagnosis and recommended treatment for your eyes.   



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Care for Eyes Against Smog & Pollution!

November 8, 2016 0 248 1 minute, 47 seconds read

Smog is becoming a real concern these days because it is gradually building up. It cannot do any good to your body and all the effects will only be negative. Have you thought how is it affecting your eyes? Are you not experiencing constant itching? Dr. Parul Sharma, Ophthalmologist at Max Healthcare says, the most common areas affected are:

  • Eyes
  • Throat and
  • Lungs

You can also experience problems like Dry Eyes or Allergic Conjuctivitis, burning sensation, itchy and sore eyes, sensitivity to air and sun and mild blurring of vision. This problem can be aggravated for those who are spending time outdoors or using computers. 

Few tips for Care for Eyes:

  • Eyes need moisture to remain comfortable. You can do this by blinking more often and splashing water on your eyes. Every time you blink your eyes, a tear film is generated by larcimal gland and is spread on eye surface. Tears are made up of three layers, including water, oil and mucin. Each layer has a purpose for the well being of our eyes. Blinking often refreshes and moistens your eyes. Additionally, you can use preservative free lubricating eye drops or ointment to moisturize your eyes.   


  • Take Dietary advice- Consuming Omega 3 Fatty acids create a healthier tear film.


  • Take frequent breaks during computer work. Adopt a 15:15 Mantra i.e. Close your eyes for 15secs every 15mins.


  • Your eyes need sufficient light to read and write to decrease the eye strain.


  • When travelling or outside, get wrap-around sunglasses or clear glasses to cut exposure to dust n smog. This is all the more applicable for contact lens wearers.


  • Maintaining good air quality indoors. Plants like Sansevieria (mother in law plant) , money plant  & Areca Palm are NASA researched best plants to keep in rooms to naturally purify air. 4 plants of shoulder height should be kept in a room and it should be closed most of the times. Air Purifiers with HEPA filters and humidifiers can also be used by sensitive eye people.


  • For red eyes, discharge, constant foreign body sensation or allergic symptoms, visit your eye doctor as this will need medication in form of eye drops.


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Cataract: Myths & Facts!

October 24, 2016 0 295 2 minutes, 52 seconds read

Myth: Cataract is an old age problem

Fact: Most cataracts are senile but can occur at any age. They can also be congenital or caused by steroid intake, injury, diabetes or eye inflammations.

Myth: Cataract can be prevented by medicines, diet, eye exercise or yoga/Cataract can be cured by eyedrops, diet or yoga.

Fact: There is no prevention or medical cure for cataract. The only definitive treatment is cataract surgery. For your surprise some early cataracts may never progress and may require no treatment if they are not causing any problem in the vision.

Myth: Cataract surgery should be delayed and done only when it matures or ripens.

Fact: Best time to get the surgery done is when you start having early visual problems.  There is no point in delaying the surgery too much as the ultrasonic system works faster and is safer on softer cataracts than the hard or mature ones.

Myth: Is it true that cataract can be removed with lasers without incision? Or the complete surgery is bladeless and doe with laser only?

Fact: There is no surgery possible without an incision. Cataract is opacity or clouding of natural lens, which is removed by ultrasonic fragmentation of cataract into tiny pieces by phaco probe and sucked through a small incision (2.2mm). At present, we are using the Femto laser-bladeless technique of operating cataract. This technique creates incisions, then circular opening of anterior capsule and partial nucleus fragments, which is further followed by routine phacoemulsification with insertion of foldable intraocular lens. Hence, laser assists in few steps of phaco surgery but does not completely replace it.

Myth: Cataract surgery-both femtolaser assisted and phacoemulsification is painful and its recovery time is long.

Fact: The complete surgery takes around 15mins on table and is done as a day care surgery. Usually, the surgery is done by giving local anesthetic eye drops, which refrains the doctor from using injections, pads and bandages. Patients are allowed to do their routine activities from the next day itself and are allowed to resume work in few days.

Myth: Spectacles are never required after cataract surgery.

Fact: We aim at getting rid of spectacles after cataract surgery but it may not be possible for various reasons. Monofocal intraocular lens are suited well for distance despite that you have to wear reading glasses. Multifocal intraocular lens gives freedom from both distance and near glasses after cataract surgery or decrease dependence on them. But these multifocal lens are not suitable for everyone, so doctor needs to decide that after examining your eyes.

Myth: Cataract can reoccur or regrow.

Fact: Cataract never regrows. Sometimes after surgery the capsule behind the intraocular lens becomes cloudy. This can be permanently treated by a quick laser procedure in OPD.

Myth: Safedmotia-bind and kalamoti -bind are related to each other .

Fact: These two conditions are not related to each other. Safedmotiabind is Cataract-cloudiness or opacity in lens of the eye and causes blurring of vision or glare. The treatment is surgery and vision can be fully restored if retina is healthy. Kala motiabind is Glaucoma wherein the eye pressures become high and slowly damage the optic nerve. For many years patient would not know as the vision decreases slowly from periphery of vision. If detected late, the damage to the optic nerve is irreversible and hence early detection is must. The treatment for glaucoma is eithermedical-eye drops, laser or surgery to keep the eye pressure under control.



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Want Healthy Eyes for Your Children?

September 29, 2016 0 64 1 minute, 52 seconds read

Eating green vegetables and carrot is good for your eyes ……is what we tell our children. But is that enough ? How can you evade problems that can cause vision issues, allergies, squint and other serious eye problems in children? Early detection is the best form of prevention. The signs can help you in assessing if your child is having an eye problem:

  • Poor performance /lack of concentration in school
  • Unable to see the objects at a distance
  • Squinting or crossed eyes
  • Watering or  rubbing of eyes
  • Frequent headaches
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Difficulty in following an object
  • White pupil instead of black

Some good habits for the child to follow:

  •  Make your child eat green veggies & Yellow fruits as they contain zeaxanthin and lutein.
  •  Ensure that there is sufficient light when your child is doing homework or any extracurricular work to avoid straining of eyes
  •  Make sure that your child takes frequent eye breaks while on screen (tv, laptop, I pad)  as continuous straining may lead to visual problems and cause red and sore eyes.
  •  Protect your child’s eye by making them wear sunglasses for outdoor activities to avoid over exposure to sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays .
  •  When playing outdoor games like swimming, badminton, squash ensure that your child wears protective goggles to avoid any risk of eye injury.

Mandatory routine eye check ups  for children:

  • Take your child for routine eye check examinations even on slightest suspicion. An Ophthalmologist can examine children’s eyes even if they are unable to read letters. You should aim to take children for their first eye examination at least by the time they are three years old, especially if there is a family history of wearing glasses.


  • All Premature newborns should be examined by an ophthalmologist.


  • Routine eye check up is a must at school entry level ie at 4 to 5years of age . Children never complain of low vision as they do not know what is better.It is only during an eye check up that a vision refractive error (spectacles problem) is detected. Timely spectacles are given to avoid amblyopia ie lazy eyes wherein a child cannot see well even with glasses. Kids who wear contact lenses or prescription glasses should have annual check ups.


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Summer and Monsoon Eye Care

August 19, 2016 0 102 3 minutes, 52 seconds read

Scorching summer heat can cause numerous problems for your eyes. It is important to care and protect our eyes from the harmful ultraviolet rays of sun and dust especially during this time of the year. Dr. Parul Sharma describes about few common problems that you may witness in monsoon alongside few tips that will safeguard your eyes for a lifetime.  
Conjuctivitis Summers and monsoons are the most common seasons where the chances of having an eye infection increase drastically. This happens more often if you have been travelling, been in public places, swimming  or interacting with a person who is suffering from conjunctivitis. The common symptoms are redness, irritation, white discharge and watery eyes. In order to avoid eye infections it is advisable that you wash your hands with soap & water frequently, wear sunglasses when outdoor, refrain from touching/rubbing your eyes, frequently wash your eyes with cold RO water, wear swimming goggles, and ensure that the pool you are using is maintained well. In case, any of your family members is suffering from conjunctivitis, avoid sharing their personal belongings like handkerchief or towel. Make sure that you visit an eye specialist to avoid further spreading of infection and worsening your eye condition.  
Stye - This primarily occurs on the eyelids and can be bothersome during summers/monsoons. Try to keep the lids clean if there is a recurrent stye, get blood sugar levels checked and identify for any uncorrected refractive error and muscle weakness. You can scrub your eyelids with a diluted baby shampoo with an ear bud once in a week, warm compressions can be relieving, local or oral antibiotics can be taken under medical supervision. Again hand hygiene is an important part of prevention. 

Eye Allergies- Theycan increase in summer due to pollen release in air, increase in temperature and pollution. You can have red eyes, severe itching and burning sensation. It is important that you frequently wash your eyes with cold filtered water, do cold compressions, wear protective eye glasses and put eye drops under the supervision of an eye specialist. Do not use over the counter medicines as they contain steroids and can be really harmful in such situations. 

Dry eyes - Increase in temperature as well as rapid tear film evaporation can cause dry eyes in summer. People prone to dry eyes have symptoms increasing with use of laptop, computer and air conditioning. It is advisable that they should frequently close their eyes for few seconds every ten minutes and use preservative free lubricating eye drops for instant relief. 

Ultraviolet rays UV rays can cause serious damage to the lens (cataract) and retina (macular degeneration) and hence can be avoided by using UV protective sunglasses. Keep in mind that sunglasses must be labeled to block 99% to 100% UV rays or UV400 (400 nm is the wavelength of UVA radiation). You can use Wrap-around sunglasses as they prevent lateral exposure; polarized lenses for activities like skiing, surfing and diving; and polycarbonate lenses as they are impact resistant and shatter proof and a good option for children. 

Contact lens users must take extra precaution during summers as chances of infection are high. Clean your lenses daily and do not wear them for more than recommended period of time plus discard them within their schedule time limit. Try to avoid wearing contact lenses while swimming instead wear swimming goggles that will provide protection from waterborne bacteria and swimming pool chemicals. Never sleep with contact lens on. 

Eyestrain - During examination time, there is immense pressure put on children’s eyes as they are forced to read for long hours. Parents must ensure that there is adequate lighting while reading along with correct posture. Frequent eye rest is also important as eye muscles can face spasms if one reads continuously at a stretch leading to a headache. Computer users should take frequent eye breaks (close eyes for few seconds after every 10 minutes) and use lubricating drops in case there is any dryness in eyes. 

During Summer holidays Parents must ensure that they bring their child for a regular eye check up as several children may have undetected refractive errors, muscle weakness or squint. Regular eye check up and spectacle prescription is important to enhance performance in school. It can also be a reminder time for 

Annual eye checkup for all diabetics, thyroid patients and people having family history of eye problems like glaucomaLast but not the least - Do not forget to supplement your diet with green vegetables, carrots, nuts, red and yellow fruits. These are natural source of vitamin A and caretenoids, which are any day better then taking multivitamin pills.



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Dr. Rakesh Kumar

  • Life Member: Delhi Ophthalmological Society
  • Life Member: All India Ophthalmological Society
  • Life Member: Vitreo Retinal Society of India
  • Life Member: Uveitis Society of India
  • Medical Council of India
  • Delhi Medical Council
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Work Experience: 
  • Total 11 years work experience including more than 8 Years experience after MS.
  • Max Healthcare: Since September 2015 Senior Consultant
  • Vasan Eye Care Hospital, Janakpuri: Jan, 2012 to August, 2015
  • Consultant Vitreoretina, Uvea, Phaco and Glaucoma                       
  • Dr P.C.Sharma Eye Hospital, Ambala: July’2010 to Dec’2011: Consultant VR, Uvea & Phaco
  • Venu Eye Institute and Research Centre, New Delhi: April 1, 2009 to  June 30, 2010: Fellowship Vitreo Retina Surgery (FVRS)
  • Venu Eye Institute and Research Centre, New Delhi: June 30, 2008 to  March 31, 2009: Senior Resident
  • Christian Medical College, Ludhiana: 2002 to 2004: Junior Resident in Neurology, Cardiology, Casualty and Microbiology


Education & Training: 
  • MBBS: Christian Medical College (CMC), Ludhiana. 1996-2001.
  • M.S. (Ophthalmology): PS Medical College, Sardar Patel University, Gujarat. 2005-08.
  • Fellowship Vitreo Retina Surgery (FVRS): Venu Eye Institute and Research Centre, New Delhi, April 1, 2009 to June 30, 2010.



Speciality Interest: 
  • Vitreo Retinal Surgery
  • Cataract
  • Glaucoma
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) and other pediatric retinal disorders
  • Diabetic Retinopathy & Laser
  • Retinal Detachment Surgery
  • Uvea
Duration Of OPD: 

Max Multi Specialty Centre, Panchsheel Park, Delhi

  • Thursday, Saturday: 9 AM – 1 PM
  • Sunday: 10 AM – 2 PM

Max Super Specialty Hospital, Saket

  • Monday, Thursday, Friday: 5 PM – 7 PM

Max Smart Super Specialty Hospital, Saket

  • Tuesday, Wednesday, Saturday: 6 PM – 8 PM


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