FACIAL IMPLANTS SURGERY BEFORE AND AFTER
Before the Surgery
Before the surgery, the surgeon would look into complete medical history of the patient, including health issues, medications and allergies, if any. Further, some medical tests will also be performed to assess the current health state.
Whether it is a chin implant, cheek implant or any other facial implants, it is essential that a patient:
- is as fit as possible to quicken the recovery process
- does not take aspirin or any medicine
- stops smoking for 2 weeks or more, prior to surgery
During the Surgery
A surgeon would draw surgical markings on the face to indicate the locations where the surgery needs to be done. A patient is positioned supine (face-up) on the operation table, and general anaesthesia is administered. Though surgery may last for one or two hours; the duration will depend on the part of the face involved.
Similarly, the type of implant may also decide the surgical procedures to be followed by the surgeon. If it is a cheek implant, the surgeon will place the implant either through an upper lip or lower eyelid. If it is a chin implant surgery, the implant will be placed through a patient’s lower lip or under the chin by using a sterilised clamp. A surgeon may close the incision with sutures or use bandage or tape.
After the Surgery
A patient should expect a little pain and discomfort, particularly around the incision areas, for a few days after the surgery. The surgeon will prescribe pain relievers as required. In some cases, a surgeon may place a small, thin tube under the skin to drain excess blood or fluid. Also, some bruising and swelling after the surgery is normal, which may subside within a few weeks.
Depending on the extent of facial implant surgery, a patient may need to take a few week’s off work. During the recovery period, a patient should stay away from heavy work, swimming and strenuous exercises.
A surgeon may give specific instructions on post-operative care which may include:
- How to care for the incision site following surgery
- Medications/Antiseptic creams & sprays to apply or take orally to aid healing and reduce the side-effects
- Specific concerns to look for at or around the surgical site(s) or in the overall health
- Next follow-up visit
What You Need to Know About Facial Implant Surgery
Though facial implant surgery is safe, there are some potential risks associated with it. After the surgery, a patient may witness blood clots, heavy bleeding, temporary numbness, infection, short-term nausea, allergic reaction to dressings or antiseptic solutions and formation of a large blood clot (haematoma) under an incision. Some patients also have trouble in talking or smiling for several weeks, along with pain, swelling and bruising around the operated site. Implant malposition, displacement, exposure and extension are some of the other implant related side effects