Once it is confirmed that the patient has cataract, the treatment is essentially surgical. Whenever the patient feels his vision has decreased to a level where it interferes with his daily activities he can get operated upon (no longer is it required for the cataract to become mature). However, in certain cases where there are associated complications or potential risks of complications, an early (even urgent) operation may be required - here the advice of your Consulting Eye Surgeon should be followed.
The operations done for cataract are the following (the list includes only established standard procedures):
- Phacoemulsification with foldable IOL
- Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS) with Intra-ocular Lens (IOL) Implantation
- Conventional Surgery (Extracapsular Cataract Surgery-ECCE) is virtually obsolete now