Seizures are episodes of disturbed brain function, caused by abnormally excited electrical signals in the brain. Epilepsy is a term used for recurrent seizures caused by increased firing in the brain cells resulting in short-circuiting of the brain circuits. Epilepsy is not a psychological illness.
Epileptic seizures can be of different types with some being mild while the others causing spasms and uncontrollable muscle twitches. About 1% of people worldwide (70 million) have epilepsy, and nearly 80% of cases occur in developing countries. In India, it’s prevalent in between 6 to 10 per 1000 people.