Bone marrow Transplantation is a medical procedure done to replace damaged bone marrow with healthy bone marrow cells. Mostly, the stem cells are collected via peripheral vein. The whole procedure is like donating blood or platelet. The stem cells from the bone marrow are responsible for producing blood cells like white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets, which later are injected in a recipient after a short course of chemotherapy called as Conditioning.
The procedure is required for treating several cancerous and non-cancerous conditions like leukemia, multiple myeloma, thalassemia and several others. The procedure is extremely safe for the donor and the patient can return to normalcy within 6 months-1 year post successful transplant. Max Hospitals are designed with High-Efficiency Particulate Air filter (HEPA filter) for protective isolation so that risk of infections is minimized. We utilize Brachytherapy system for treating cancers and Flow Cytometry for cell counting and cell sorting.
The success of bone marrow transplant usually depends on a stage of disease, duration of disease and patient's condition at the time of transplantation. With modern day medicines and technological advancements, one can expect a cure rate of 90% if BMT is performed at age of 3 years for thalassemia while it drops to 80% if done at the age of 7 years.