Bariatric/obesity/weight loss surgery is a treatment option for patients suffering from morbid obesity. It is considered to be one of the most effective methods for weight loss and long-term weight maintenance. Moreover, this weight loss surgery causes significant improvement in obesity-related comorbid conditions like Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, joint pain, sleeping disorders like sleep apnea, heart diseases, infertility issues and more.
Bariatric surgery is performed using the Laparoscopic technique (Keyhole surgery – minimally invasive), and most of the patients are walking around on the same day of the surgery.
Bariatric surgical procedures cause weight loss by restricting the amount of food intake, causing less absorption of calories, or by a combination of both gastric restriction and malabsorption. The weight loss surgeries are performed using minimally invasive techniques (laparoscopic surgery).
Common Bariatric surgery options which are available:
- Gastric bypass
- Sleeve gastrectomy
- Mini gastric bypass
- Gastric bands
The choice of the surgical procedure of this weight loss treatment depends on the treating Bariatric Surgeon and the team after evaluation and counselling.
Max Institute of MAMBS, Saket is accredited as the First and Founder Center of Excellence in ‘Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery’ (2011 - 2014) by the Surgical Review Corporation, USA.
What are the Benefits
Bariatric Surgery is done to help an individual lose excess weight and reduce their risk of potentially life-threatening weight-related health issues, such as:
- Type 2 diabetes
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- Severe sleep apnea
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease
- Some types of cancer
Usually, weight-loss surgeries such as bariatric surgery are done only after a person has tried to lose weight by improving their diet as well as exercising. However, has been unsuccessful at the supervised attempts.
What are the Risks Involved?
Some of the risks related to the weight loss treatment include infection, bleeding, anastomotic leaks, blood clots in legs and anaesthesia issues. In the long run, some deficiencies maybe observed in patients who are non-compliant the most common of which is Vitamin B12 deficiency however it can be managed effectively.
Results of the Weight Loss Surgery
Bariatric surgery and other weight loss treatments can provide long-term weight loss. The amount of weight a person loses depends on the type of surgery and also the change in their lifestyle habits. It is possible for a person to lose half, or even more, of their excess weight within a period of two years depending on the intial weight. Approximately, 70% of the excess body weight is lost.
Apart from weight loss, bariatric surgery significantly improves conditions often related to being overweight, including Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart diseases, joint pains, sleeping disorders, infertility, gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Bariatric surgery can also help in improving an individual’s ability to perform the daily routine activities, which further enhances the quality of life.