Robotic Surgery

Max Institute of Robotic Surgery


At Max Healthcare, we are committed to deliver the highest standards of clinical excellence and that’s why we continuously invest in innovative technologies of the future to ensure our patients get the best care. Max Institute of Robotic Surgery is one of the largest robotic surgical programmes in India, which combines the advancements of robotic systems and the experience of specialists to make patient recovery easier and faster.

Max Institute of Robotic Surgery aims to deliver superior patient outcomes over conventional surgical approaches. Max Healthcare is equipped with 15 advanced surgical robotic systems including Da Vinci X, Da Vinci Xi, Next Gen Versius, ExcelsiusGPS and CORI surgical system. We have over 150 trained robotic surgeons in Max network hospitals, who have successfully performed numerous robotic surgeries.

Advantages of Robotic Surgeries over Conventional Surgeries:

  • Minimally invasive
  • Greater precision
  • Reduced blood loss
  • 3D surgery powered by Artificial Intelligence
  • Faster recovery
  • Short hospital stay

Robotic surgical systems are used in various surgeries such as:

1. Robotic Head and Neck Cancer Surgery

Head & Neck cancer treatment is often associated with deterioration in speech, swallowing with associated facial or neck scars. Trans-Oral Robotic Surgery (TORS) is the latest and emerging technology which offers several advantages over other available treatment options.

It allows the surgeon to reach difficult to access areas in the throat or within the neck and remove the tumour through small robotic arms. These help in improving dexterity and precision. These can be placed inside through the mouth or through very small or inapparent incisions over the neck. TORS provide a broader view, high-resolution, and magnified three-dimensional optics for determining the specific mucosal surfaces of the head and neck through an endoscope while avoiding the extensive external neck incisions generally required for open surgeries. Compared to conventional surgeries, there is less pain, blood loss, reduced ICU stay and fewer days of hospitalization, which means a much faster recovery.

This technology can be used for selective cancers/tumours of the throat like tonsil, base of tongue, thyroid, parapharyngeal space and neck.

2. Robotic Urologic Cancer Surgery

Robotic surgeries have made the management of complex urological malignancies easier, safer and more desirable to both the surgeon and the patient. Commonly performed surgeries in this field include robotic surgery for prostate cancer, partial or complete removal of kidney for kidney cancer, urinary bladder cancer, lymph nodes removal for testicular and penile cancer.

3. Robotic General Surgeries

Robotics, in general surgeries, has proved to be a significant success because it has helped doctors overcome certain limitations they used to face while performing conventional procedures. Gallbladder stones, Hernia Surgery, Appendicitis, Fundoplication and other general surgeries can be robotically performed with ease.

4. Robotic Gastrointestinal Surgery

Robotic surgery is performed to treat many types of gastrointestinal cancer, such as oesophagal cancer, gastric cancer, rectal cancer, and hepatopancreatobiliary cancer.

5. Robotic Kidney Transplant

Robot-Assisted Kidney Transplant (RAKT) is a minimally invasive technique that uses robotic support to perform a kidney transplant. RAKT is performed under the supervision of transplant surgeons specialising in robotics and transplant surgeries.

Compared to conventional open kidney transplant surgery, a much smaller incision of about 7 cms is made in RAKT to place the donor kidney into the abdomen, stitch the blood vessels, and the ureter. Then, another four or five small incisions of size 0.5 to 1 cm approx. are used to insert the instruments into the abdomen.

The surgeon uses the computer to manipulate small, more flexible surgical instruments than the human hand.

6. Robotic liver transplant

End-stage liver disease and liver failures have become common around the globe, making liver transplants the only treatment modality. Compared with traditional open surgery, robotic liver transplant offers better treatment outcomes to both donor and recipient in terms of post-operative healing, pain and comfort. 

Robotic liver surgery is not only employed in liver transplantation but is also useful in liver resection surgery, malignancy cases, and others. It is an evolving speciality within liver surgery. The robotic platform allows us to overcome the limitations of open and laparoscopic surgery.

7. Robotic Spinal Surgeries

Conventional, freehand, minimally invasive spine surgeries present many challenges. According to the literature, there are instances of misplaced pedicle screws in freehand surgery. In addition, these surgeries require high levels of radiation for intraoperative imaging to assure accuracy. The complex disorders that can be treated with robotic spinal surgeries include:

8. Robotic Joint Replacement Surgeries

Robotic joint replacement surgeries have shown remarkable results compared to traditional knee replacements. Over a period of time, robotic knee surgery has evolved as a powerful and satisfactory tool for doctors. Doctors use a robotic surgical arm to accomplish parts of the procedure, assisting in areas that require the steadiest hand and navigating small places. Using CT scans, the robotic arm can work from 3D images of the surgical area and perform a range of tasks, such as:

  • Preparation of the bone.
  • Introduction of the implant.
  • Balance the implant.
  • Check for the appropriate fit.

9. Robotics in Weight loss surgeries (Bariatric)

Robotic bariatric surgery is a novel approach that is useful for people who wish to have sustained weight loss. This procedure is safe and effective, and doctors can perform both gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy & other weight loss procedures. 

With this system, the surgeon sits at the console near the patient in the OT and controls tiny instruments used to perform the surgery. In addition, doctors can view through an optic camera, which delivers 3D high-definition views.
This Robotic system provides the surgeon 3-Dimensional magnified view of the operating field which increases the precision & accuracy of surgical movements of instruments.

10. Robotic Gynaecological Surgeries

Since the introduction of the latest robotic surgical systems to gynecologic surgery, it has been possible to perform minimally invasive procedures for many women who formerly needed open surgery. 

Undoubtedly, conventional laparoscopic surgery has been beneficial, but robotic surgeries offer even better advantages, such as shorter hospitalization, less blood loss, faster recovery, better cosmesis and fewer to nil complications. In addition, robotic surgeries overcome the drawbacks of limited operative field visualization and the requirement for a skilled surgical assistant.

Some surgeries that are performed using robotic technology are:

  • Hysterectomy performed for different reasons, including:
    • Uterine fibroids
    • Uterine prolapse
    • Endometriosis
    • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
    • Chronic pelvic pain
    • Adenomyosis, or a thickening of the uterus

11. Robotic Cardio-Thoracic Surgeries

Conventionally, open cardiac surgery requires sternotomy, i.e., cutting through the breastbone and accessing the ribs. This highly invasive technique can be avoided with robotic assistance. Robotic surgeries prevent trauma, reduce healing time and lower the risk of serious complications.

The robotic arms of the system operate via several small incisions. These incisions are termed ports, which are incised on the side of the chest. As a result, the surgeon can fully control the surgical procedure sitting in a console close to the operating room.

Robot-assisted cardiothoracic surgery can be employed for various conditions, such as:

Cardiac surgeries:

  • Mitral and tricuspid valve repair
  • Removal of a cardiac tumour
  • Congenital heart surgery, such as Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) repair and Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) repair
  • Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)
  • Atrial fibrillation ablation
  • Heart transplants

Thoracic & lung surgeries:

  • Lobectomy & Pneumonectomy
  • Thoracoabdominal Aneurysm Repairs
  • Lung transplants
  • Decortication
  • Lung volume reduction surgery

12. Robotic Paediatric Surgery

Robotic surgery has become very popular among adults and now gaining popularity for surgeries performed on children. Robotic surgery allows doctors to treat complex cases easily and offers better treatment outcomes and patient comfort. Pediatric Robotic Surgery requires special expertise since the surgery can be challenging in the paediatric population. This is due to their small size and different anatomic landmarks in comparison to adults. Robotic surgery is thus a boon for treating complex paediatric cases. 

In children, robotic surgery can be applied to general surgery, thoracic surgery, urological, oncological, and otorhinolaryngology. Interestingly, its highest application has been in urology, but it also offers plenty of benefits in other fields. Furthermore, it is safe to perform robotic surgery in children since it has rare intra-operative and post-operative complications.

13. Robotic Gynecologic Oncology Surgery

Gynecologic oncology surgeries, often referred to as "Gynae Onco Surgeries," are specialised surgical procedures focused on the diagnosis and treatment of cancers in the female reproductive system, including ovarian, cervical, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar cancers. These surgeries encompass a range of techniques, such as radical hysterectomy, lymphadenectomy, oophorectomy, and tumour debulking.

Robotic Gynae Onco Surgeries leverage advanced robotic systems to perform complex procedures with remarkable precision and minimally invasive techniques. The robotic platform offers several advantages, including enhanced visualisation with high-definition 3D imaging, improved dexterity through articulated robotic arms, and reduced invasiveness due to smaller incisions. This ensures shorter hospital stays, quicker recovery times, and reduced postoperative complications for patients.

Robotic surgeries in Max Hospitals are available at the following hospitals:

  • BLK-Max Hospital, Delhi: Da Vinci Xi, ExcelsiusGPS (spine surgery), CORI Surgical System (Joint Replacement)
  • Max Hospital, Saket, Delhi: Da Vinci Xi, Da Vinci X, Versius Surgical Robotic System
  • Max Smart, Saket, Delhi: Mako Robotic Arm Assisted Technology for Joint Replacement (Knee & Hip), Da Vinci X
  • Nanavati Max Hospital, Mumbai: Da Vinci Xi
  • Max Hospital, Shalimar Bagh, Delhi: Da Vinci X
  • Max Hospital, Patparganj, Delhi: Da Vinci Xi
  • Max Hospital, Mohali, Punjab: Da Vinci Xi
  • Max Hospital, Vaishali, UP: Da Vinci Xi
  • Max Hospital, Dehradun, Uttrakhand: Da Vinci X

Our Medical Experts

Max Healthcare is home to 5000 eminent doctors in the world, most of whom are pioneers in their respective fields. Additionally, they are renowned for developing innovative and revolutionary clinical procedures.

Our Medical Experts

Max Healthcare is home to 5000 eminent doctors in the world, most of whom are pioneers in their respective fields. Additionally, they are renowned for developing innovative and revolutionary clinical procedures.

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Our Technological Advancements

Real Patients, Real Stories.

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Robotic Knee Replacement Surgery for Knee Pain

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Robot-assisted Prostatectomy for Enlarged Prostate(Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH))

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Robotic Partial Nephrectomy for Kidney Tumour

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