Hypertension: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment | Max Hospital
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Hypertension refers to high blood pressure which may lead to many other symptoms. Blood pressure is the measurement of the force against the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps blood through your body. Hypertension is known to be a cause of chronic kidney disease. Normal blood pressure is when your blood pressure is lower than 120/80 mmHg most of the time High blood pressure (hypertension) is when your blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg or above most of the time If your blood pressure numbers are 120/80 or higher, but below 140/90, it is called pre-hypertension

Signs and Symptoms

In today's hectic lifestyle, a large number of people are suffering from high blood pressure. Most of the time, high blood pressure goes untreated and damages arteries and vital organs throughout the body. This is why it is called the "silent killer". Some of the most common symptoms are:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred Vision
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Chest paint and shortness of breath


In most of the cases, the cause of high blood pressure is not known and is often referred to as primary or essential hypertension. However, some major causes of high blood pressure include:

  • Age - The older a person is, the greater the possibility that he or she will develop high blood pressure. This is due to arteriosclerosis, or "hardening of the arteries."
  • Family history - The problem of high blood pressure tends to run in families.
  • Obesity - Being overweight increases the risk of high blood pressure. Health care professionals recommend that all obese people with high blood pressure lose weight until they are within 15% of their healthy body weight.
  • Alcohol consumption - Drinking more than two drinks of alcohol per day increases the chances of high blood pressure.
  • Lack of exercise.
  • Medications - Certain drugs, such as amphetamines (stimulants), diet pills, and pseudoephedrine tend to raise blood pressure.
  • Young patients can have high BP due to kidney disease.


The best treatment for high blood pressure is to make healthy changes to your lifestyle. One needs to take a stepwise approach beginning with diet, weight loss, and lifestyle changes along with medications as required.

  • Medications – if you occasionally feel that you have elevated high blood pressure, your doctor would suggest few medicines that will bring down the blood pressure to normal.
  • Avoid tobacco smoke
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Take a healthy diet
  • Limit your salt intake
  • Do regular physical activity

At Max Hospital, we have the best heart specialists in India who specialize in treating hypertention, through medications and consultations.

Hypertension Specialists/Doctors

Dr. K. K. Talwar
Chairman - Cardiology, Max Healthcare
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Rajiv Agarwal
Senior Director & Unit Head - Cardiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Vanita Arora
Director & Head – Cardiac Electrophysiology Lab & Arrhythmia Services, Senior Consultant-Cardiac Electrophysiologist & Interventional Cardiologist
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Arvind Das
Senior Director and HOD - Cardiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Kewal Krishan
Director – Heart Transplant & Ventricular Assist Devices Principal Consultant – CTVS
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Manoj Kumar
Director & Unit Head - Cath Lab
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Viveka Kumar
Senior Director - Cath Lab
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Rajneesh Malhotra
Senior Director - CTVS
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Ganesh Kumar Mani
Chairman - MAX Smart Super Specialty Hospital,Saket,New Delhi
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Ajay Mittal
Director - Interventional Cardiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Anand K Pandey
Director and Clinical Administrator - Interventional Cardiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. (Col) Kumud Rai
Director - Vascular Surgery
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. (Col) C.P.Roy
Director - Medical Education & Research, Administrative Coordinator Cardiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Roopa Salwan
Senior Director- Myocardial Infarction Program, Sr. Consultant - Cardiologist
Dr. Sudheer Saxena
Director & Head of Department Cardiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Subhash Kumar Sinha
Director – CTVS
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Sunil Kumar Agarwal
Associate Director - Interventional Cardiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Anil Bhatt
Associate Director & Clinical Administrator - Cardiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Ritwick Raj Bhuyan
Associate Director and In-charge - CTVS
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Naresh Kumar Goyal
Associate Director - Interventional Cardiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Niraj Kumar
Associate Director
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Rahul Mehrotra
Associate Director & Head - Non Invasive Cardiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Preeti Sharma
Associate Director
Dr. Naveen Bhamri
HOD & Director - Cardiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Nityanand Tripathi
HOD & Associate Director - Cardiac Sciences
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Mohan Bhargava
Principal Consultant- Interventional Cardiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Samir Kubba
Principal Consultant - Clinical and Interventional Cardiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Gaurav Mahajan
Principal Consultant & Head – CTVS
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Sanjeev Malhotra
Principal Consultant – Dept. of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Gaurav Minocha
Principal Consultant
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Punish Sadana
Principal Consultant
Dr. Jagmohan Singh
Principal Consultant - Cardiac Surgery
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. H K Agarwal
Senior Consultant - Cardiology
Dr. Deepak Aggrawal
Senior Consultant-CTVS
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Ajoy Deshmukh
Senior Consultant
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Ashok K. Gupta
Senior Consultant-Cardiothoracic Surgery
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Rakesh Gupta
Senior Consultant
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Kapil Gupta
Sr. Consultant and In-charge (Vascular and Endovascular Surgery )
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Vikas Kumar Keshri
Senior Consultant – CTVS
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. A. Sampath Kumar
Senior Consultant
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Abhay Kumar
Senior Consultant
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Sameer Mehrotra
Sr. Consultant-Interventional Cardiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Dinesh Kumar Mittal
Senior Consultant & Head – CTVS
Cardiac Sciences
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Ajay Sharma
Senior Consultant
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Nishant Tyagi
Senior Consultant
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Irfan Yaqoob Bhat
Consultant - Cardiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Ratna Mallik
Consultant ADULT CTVS
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Neeraj Awasthy
Visting Consultant
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Anupam Goel
Principle Consultant
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Amit Malik
Principle Consultant- Interventional Cardiology- Electrophysiology
Cardiac Sciences
Dr. Rajeev Rathi
Interventional Cardiologist, Director & Head – Transradial Interventional Programme
Cardiac Sciences
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