Breast cancer causes
There is no specific cause of breast cancer. However, most common causes include:
Over a period of time, the chances of developing breast cancer increases
Family history of breast cancer
Menstrual cycle -
Women got their periods early (before age 12) or went through menopause late (after age 55) have an increased risk for breast cancer
Women who give birth after the age of 30 are more likely to develop breast cancer
Consuming more than 1-2 glasses increases your chances of breast cancer
Breast Cancer Treatment
The treatment for breast cancer depends on the type and stage of cancer. In general, breast cancer treatments may include:
Chemotherapy is done to kill cancer cells
Radiation therapy is done to destroy cancerous tissue. Radiation therapy involves the use of high energy X Rays that destroy cancer cells and shrink tumors. About half of all people with cancer are treated with radiation therapy, either alone or in combination with other types of cancer treatment. There are mainly three types of radiation therapy done at Max Cancer Centre to treat cancer – 3DCRT (three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy), IMRT, and IGRT (image-guided radiation therapy). At Max, we use the most advanced NOVALIS TX with EXACT-TRAC & ROBOTIC ON-BOARD IMAGER which is used to track tumors online to enable highly accurate treatments for moving tumors like lung, liver, prostate etc.
Surgery is done to remove the cancerous tissue (it involves complete removal of breast lump and nearby structures). Standard surgeries are Mastectomy (Removal of the whole breast), Quadrantectomy (Removal of one quarter of the breast), and Lumpectomy (Removal of a small part of the breast). Reconstructive surgery can be done where breast contour can be restored to near normal with plastic surgery.
Hormonal therapy is suggested to women with ER-positive breast cancer to block certain hormones that trigger cancer growth.
At Max Hospital, we have the best cancer doctors in Delhi who specializes in treating breast cancer with surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and hormonal therapy.