Gallbladder Cancer: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Hospital in Delhi, India | Max Hospital
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Bio Medical Waste Report For Shalimar Bagh

Month Red Autoclave(Infected Plastic Waste) Yellow- Incineration(AnatomicalWaste & Soiled Waste) Blue Autoclave (Glass- Bottles) Black Cytotoxic- Incineration( Cytotoxic Contaminated Items) White- Sharp Total Bags Total Weight(In KG's)
  No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's)    
Apr-17 924 2963.50 954 2994.10 239 1017.30 103 279.20 1645 606.40 3865 7861.00
May-17 1175 4624.12 1028 3498.40 276 1524.34 87 195.01 1803 823.85 4369 10665.71
Jun-17 1060 4511.45 902 2886.66 293 1324.05 76 194.00 2057 1100.69 4388 10016.85
Jul-17                     0 0.00
Aug-17                     0 0.00
Sep-17                     0 0.00
Oct-17                     0 0.00
Nov-17                     0 0.00
Dec-17                     0 0.00
Jan-18                     0 0.00
Feb-18                     0 0.00
Mar-18                     0 0.00
YTD 3159 12099.065 2884 9379.155 808 3865.69 266 668.705 5505 2530.94 12622 28543.555

Gallbladder Cancer

Home >> Our Specialities >> Cancer Care / Oncology >> Conditions Treatments >> Gallbladder Cancer

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What is Gallbladder Cancer?

Gallbladder cancer is that type of cancer in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissue of the gallbladder. Situated near the liver, a gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ that collects and stores bile. The cancer occurs when the healthy cells of the gallbladder start growing at an abnormal rate and turn into a tumour. As gallbladder is located deep inside the body, it is hard to diagnose it during the routine medical tests.

What Are the Symptoms of Gallbladder Cancer?

Here are some of the gallbladder cancer symptoms, which a person may experience:

  • Abdominal pain and swelling
  • Jaundice
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bloating
  • Lump in the abdomen
  • High fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Itchy skin
  • Dark urine

Causes of Gallbladder Cancer

Though the causes of gallbladder cancer are unknown, the following factors can increase the risk of developing this ailment:

  • Gallstone and inflammation of the gallbladder, which is also called cholecystitis
  • Majority of gallbladder cancer patients belong to the high age group, i.e., above 65 years
  • Family history of gallstones or gallbladder cancer
  • Abnormalities in the connection between bile duct and pancreas along with choledochal cysts (congenital bile duct anomalies)
  • Excessive consumption of tobacco and high exposure to industrial chemicals containing nitrosamines
  • A diet high in carbohydrates and low in fiber
  • Diabetes and obesity
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Typhoid causing salmonella infection can increase the chances of gallbladder cancer in people who have gallstones
  • Other gallbladder conditions, like gallbladder polyps, porcelain gallbladder, primary sclerosing cholangitis, chronic gallbladder infection and more.

What Are the Different Types of Gallbladder Cancer?

Since there are different types of cells present in the gallbladder, any of these cell types can develop into cancer.

  1. Adenocarcinoma - As one of the most common types of gallbladder cancers, Adenocarcinoma initially develops within glandular cells that line the organs in the digestive tract. The glandular cells produce mucus like a thick fluid.
  2. Papillary Adenocarcinoma - These cancer cells are arranged in finger-like projections within the gallbladder. Compared to other types of gallbladder cancers, this type of cancer is less likely to spread to lymph nodes and distant organs.
  3. Less Common Types - Squamous cell cancer, Adenosquamous carcinomas, small cell carcinomas and sarcomas are some other less common gallbladder cancer types.

What Are the Treatment Options for Gallbladder Cancer?

After gallbladder cancer is diagnosed and staged, the doctor will start the treatment. The treatment options for gallbladder cancer depend on several factors, including the stage of cancer, the health of the patient and possible side effects. Below mentioned are the treatment options for gallbladder cancer:

  1. Surgery – The cancer is removed through the operation. Gallbladder surgery can be further divided into:
    • Cholecystectomy – It involves the removal of the gallbladder. It is a common treatment option to treat gallbladder cancer and other conditions.
    • Radical Gallbladder Resection –This procedure requires the doctor to remove the gallbladder, liver tissues near the gallbladder, the common bile duct, ligaments, pancreas and blood vessels.   If cancer has spread to other body parts, doctors may remove that body part as well.
  2. Radiation Therapy - It involves the use of high-energy X-rays or other particles to damage the cancer cells. A radiation therapy regimen consists of a specific number of treatments given over a period. Further, it can be used before the surgery to shrink a tumour or after it to destroy the remaining cancer cells, if any.
  3. Chemotherapy - Drugs are used to destroy cancer cells and hinder their ability to grow and divide. As it is a Systemic Therapy, medications enter the bloodstream to kill cancer cells throughout the body. Like radiation, chemotherapy may be given before surgery to shrink a tumour or after it to kill any remaining cancer cells. 
  4. Palliative Therapy - It is given to control or reduce symptoms caused by advanced gallbladder cancer. The therapy is not given to cure cancer but to make a patient feel better and prevent further complications. It can be further divided into several therapies, like Biliary Stent or Biliary Catheter, Biliary Bypass and alcohol injection.

Life after Gallbladder Cancer Treatment

You cannot change the fact that you have had gallbladder cancer, but you can always change how to live your life after the completion of treatment. This is the right time to look at your life with a different outlook by abiding to the following tips:

  • Indulge in some physical activity without stressing yourself
  • Follow a healthy living style
  • Distance yourself from stress
  • Cut your intake of alcohol and give up tobacco
  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Maintain a positive approach towards life

Follow Up Care after Gallbladder Cancer Treatment

Even if you have completed your gallbladder cancer treatment, your doctors will keep a tab on your health to know about the recurrence chances. Therefore, it is crucial to go for regular follow-up appointments. During these visits, your doctor may ask several questions and perform some medical tests. On the basis of the results of the tests, the doctor may change your medications (if any) or prescribe new. This is the right time to discuss your concerns with your doctor and share issues if any.