Skin Cancer : Symptoms, Causes and Treatment in Delhi, NCR India | Max Hospital
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Bio Medical Waste Report For Shalimar Bagh

Month Red Autoclave(Infected Plastic Waste) Yellow- Incineration(AnatomicalWaste & Soiled Waste) Blue Autoclave (Glass- Bottles) Black Cytotoxic- Incineration( Cytotoxic Contaminated Items) White- Sharp Total Bags Total Weight(In KG's)
  No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's) No. of Bags Weight (in KG's)    
Apr-17 924 2963.50 954 2994.10 239 1017.30 103 279.20 1645 606.40 3865 7861.00
May-17 1175 4624.12 1028 3498.40 276 1524.34 87 195.01 1803 823.85 4369 10665.71
Jun-17 1060 4511.45 902 2886.66 293 1324.05 76 194.00 2057 1100.69 4388 10016.85
Jul-17                     0 0.00
Aug-17                     0 0.00
Sep-17                     0 0.00
Oct-17                     0 0.00
Nov-17                     0 0.00
Dec-17                     0 0.00
Jan-18                     0 0.00
Feb-18                     0 0.00
Mar-18                     0 0.00
YTD 3159 12099.065 2884 9379.155 808 3865.69 266 668.705 5505 2530.94 12622 28543.555

Skin Cancer

Clinical Directorate

For more info please call 8744 888 888 (Delhi – NCR) & 9988 422 333 (Chandigarh Tri-city), or mail at

What Is Skin Cancer?

Skin cancer is an anomalous growth of skin cells most often because of unrepaired DNA damage. This triggers mutation in skin cells causing them to multiply in an uncontrolled manner, resulting in malignant tumors. Primarily, skin cancer develops in areas that are exposed to sunlight. It affects all sorts of individuals, although people with light colored skin are at a higher risk of developing skin cancer (as they can sunburn easily). Compared with the compound incidence of breast, lung, prostate and colon cancers, there are more new cases of skin cancer registered every year.

What Are the Common Skin Cancer Symptoms?

In the beginning, skin cell cancer can be painful, and they may appear as a pain that bleeds and oozes or otherwise something that does not heals. Even a minor trauma may result in bleeding of that bump. The skin bump has a central ulceration along with raised edges. The skin cancer symptoms include:

  • Red, pink or translucent bump(s) on the skin
  • Growth of raised border around the lesion
  • Reddish skin patch with a crust or itch which may be painful
  • A scar resembled by white or yellow waxy area with imperfectly determined border
  • An open lesion present for weeks
  • Wart-like development on the skin

We often see that moles develop on the skin, but they are mostly harmless. Rarely a mole turns into skin cancer. If a mole does turn cancerous then it is melanoma. Individuals should take care and look out for any signs of differences in the mole’s color, symmetry or any other evolving changes. Therefore, it is obligatory to visit a physician or a dermatologist and get the abnormality examined.

What Are the Causes of Skin Cancer?

Most of the skin cancers are naturally modulated by the immune system or by mutational repair mechanisms. When the immune system is compromised or there is a faulty mutation repair gene, it results in the development of malignant cells that eventually grow into a tumor. Some of the most common risk factors involved in skin cancer are:

  • Exposure to UV light through sun or even tanning beds
  • Persistently suppressed immune system
  • Exposure to X-rays or chemicals such as arsenic which is a known precursor to cancer
  • Elderly individuals are at higher risk of developing skin cancer

Types of Skin Cancer

Predominantly, there are three types of skin cancer – basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma.

  1. Basal cell carcinoma: Basal cell carcinoma arises when skin’s basal cells grow in an abnormal and uncontrolled manner. Basal cells are those that line the outermost layer of the skin.
  2. Squamous cell carcinoma: Uncontrolled growth of abnormal squamous cells (composing most of the epidermis) result in squamous cell carcinoma.
  3. Melanoma: Termed as one of the deadliest skin cancers, melanoma is where the malignant tumor growth occurs because of an unrepaired DNA damage to skin cells triggering mutation.
  4. Merkel cell carcinoma: It is one of the rarest and an aggressive type of skin cancer with a high recurrence and metastasizing rate. Individuals above 50 years of age are more prone to Merkel cell carcinoma.

Actinic keratosis is also called as precancer because if left untreated may develop into a skin cancer. It is often a crusty and scaly growth which occurs due to prolonged UV exposure. Atypical moles or dysplastic nevi are benign moles which resemble like melanoma. Individuals with higher number of moles are at risk of developing melanoma in the future.

Treatment Options for Skin Cancer

Many productive measures are present for treating skin cancer, but the choice of treatment chiefly depends on the size and location of the tumor. Treatment options can be broadly divided into medications and procedures. Medication includes several topical therapies and drugs which are injected or taken orally. Procedures comprise surgeries, radiation therapy, and laser and light-based treatments.


Few gels and creams are now used in superficial basal cell carcinomas which include imiquimod that works by invigorating the immune system through the production of interferon which eventually attacks the cancerous cells. Drugs are also used in combination of topical solutions.

Targeted therapies are a kind of novel drug combination where drugs such as cobimetinib and vemurafenib are taken orally along with advanced immunotherapies. Such therapies are currently gaining much attention in the treatment of advanced melanoma.


  • Chemical peel: Trichloroacetic acid is applied to repair superficial skin damage which peels the top skin layer. In general, normal skin regrows in a few weeks.
  • Cryosurgery: Liquid nitrogen is topically applied to the tumor growth causing the lesions to freeze. Later the lesion falls off naturally causing a temporary swelling and redness.
  • Curettage and Electrodesiccation: Curette, a small sharp ring-shaped instrument is used to scrape off the lesion and then cauterized using electrodesiccation. The applied heat destroys any residual lesion.
  • Excisional surgery: In this surgery, the physician removes the entire tumor along with some surrounding healthy tissue. Only after the lab confirms whether the tumor is present or not in the tissue beyond the safety margin, the physician declares the patient fit.
  • Laser surgery: Ablative lasers are used to remove the tissue without causing it to bleed. The laser gives the physician a better control in tissue removal.
  • Mohs Micrographic surgery: This technique is chiefly employed when preservation of unaffected tissue is vital. It is also employed when the tumor is poorly defined or after a recurrence of previously treated lesions. The very first layer of the tumor is removed and immediately assessed. The region demonstrating any residual microscopic tumor is then re-excised and re-evaluated. This procedure is further repeated till no tumor is seen.
  • Photodynamic therapy: A light-sensitizing agent is applied to the tumor and allowed to get absorbed in the skin. Then the physician uses a strong red or blue laser which selectively destroys the lesions by activating the medicated region.
  • Radiation therapy: Tumors are directly subjected to X-ray beams to treat cancerous lesions. It is employed when the tumors are hard to be removed or with immunosuppressed patients.

At Max Hospital we have the best cancer specialists in India who specializes in treating skin cancer with all the procedures mentioned above.

Life after Skin Cancer Treatment

After a successful skin cancer treatment, a patient is full of hope and happiness. But all are never the same. Few patients are concerned with cancer recurrence. This brings worries and fear which at times may be quite intense for some survivors. Each patient tries to manage these emotions. Some proportion of depression or worry is quite normal among patients and hence it is essential for patients to receive emotional support. It could be a professional counselor, support groups, religious groups and friends or family.

Follow Up Care After Skin Cancer Treatment

Close follow-up is vital for skin cancer survivor patients. As recurrence of skin cancer in a different location is possible, physicians keep a close watch on patients. Patients should self-evaluate their skin periodically and look out for any changes at the site of cancer lesions as well as for any new growth at any other site. It is also important for patients to protect themselves from exposure to UV rays whether it is from the sun or tanning beds, as it increases the risk for new skin cancer occurrence.

Book an appointment with the best skin cancer doctor at Max Hospital one of the best cancer hospitals in Delhi.

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